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Table 3 Logistic regression results: Odds ratio of NHIS coverage among adults aged 18-49

From: Determinants of National Health Insurance enrolment in Ghana across the life course: Are the results consistent between surveys?

  SAGE GLSS
Odds Ratio 95% CI Odds Ratio 95% CI
Sex Male 1.00     1.00    
Female 0.80   0.50 1.29 1.99 *** 1.86 2.13
Marital Status Married 1.00     1.00    
Separated/Divorced 1.10   0.52 2.33 0.80 * 0.69 0.93
Widowed 1.12   0.42 3.02 1.07   0.82 1.39
Never married 0.66   0.27 1.59 0.98   0.88 1.09
Education None 1.00     1.00    
Primary 2.01 * 1.12 3.61 1.45 *** 1.29 1.62
Secondary 1.29   0.70 2.37 2.45 *** 2.13 2.83
Tertiary 6.84 ** 1.89 24.79 2.84 *** 2.34 3.44
Age 18-29 1.00     1.00    
30-39 1.19   0.57 2.47 1.03   0.94 1.13
40-49 1.17   0.58 2.38 1.22 *** 1.10 1.36
Employment status Not employed in public sector 1.00     1.00    
Employed in public sector 5.26 *** 2.32 11.91 2.02 *** 1.67 2.45
Wealth Lower third 1.00     1.00    
Middle third 3.61 ** 1.53 8.50 1.47 *** 1.29 1.68
Upper third 4.65 ** 1.89 11.41 1.71 *** 1.44 2.02
Region Greater Accra 1.00     1.00    
Western 4.17 ** 1.58 10.99 1.38   0.98 1.96
Central 2.94 * 1.01 8.53 0.98   0.71 1.35
Volta 2.19   0.65 7.38 1.71 ** 1.26 2.32
Eastern 4.45 ** 1.69 11.71 1.92 *** 1.39 2.66
Ashanti 3.37 ** 1.38 8.20 1.73 ** 1.27 2.37
Brong Ahafo 5.35 ** 1.84 15.54 2.90 *** 2.11 3.98
Northern 9.66 *** 2.89 32.27 1.83 ** 1.29 2.60
Upper East 11.97 ** 2.47 58.02 6.81 *** 4.65 9.97
Upper West 47.19 *** 13.40 166.19 9.02 *** 6.06 13.43
Residence Rural 1.00     1.00    
Urban 1.51   0.87 2.61 1.14   0.97 1.32
N   789 28,316
  1. Source: SAGE 2007/2008, GLSS 2012/2013, *** p<0.001, ** p<0.01 * p<0.05