Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Socioeconomic determinants of fasting glucose levels among adults in Kalutara, Sri Lanka

From: Inequalities in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its risk factors in Sri Lanka: a lower middle income country

Characteristic Glucose tolerance (n = 1234) p
Normal (n = 832) IFG (n = 200) DM (n = 202)
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Sex
 Male 437 75.7% 93 10.2% 98 14.1% 0.236
 Female 395 66.6% 107 18.2% 104 15.2%  
Age category < 0.001 a
 35 to 39 Years 152 84.6% 23 10.6% 11 4.8%
 40 to 44 Years 164 74.7% 28 13.0% 29 12.3%
 45 to 49 Years 142 71.4% 36 12.6% 39 16.0%
 50 to 54 Years 124 62.9% 38 18.6% 40 18.6%
 55 to 59 Years 136 58.0% 47 18.5% 43 23.4%
 60 to 64 Years 114 66.9% 28 14.4% 40 18.7%
Ethnicity
 Sinhalese 554 71.2% 130 14.4% 156 14.4%  
 Tamil 208 60.6% 50 10.4% 23 29.0%  
 Muslim 69 68.5% 19 11.6% 22 20.0% 0.003
 Other 01 91.5% 01 3.3% 01 05.2%  
Sector
 Urban 224 58.6% 68 17.8% 90 23.6%  
 Rural 397 69.9% 83 14.6% 88 15.5% 0.001 a
 Plantation 211 74.3% 49 17.3% 24 08.5%  
Education category
 No schooling 35 73.8% 07 9.8% 06 16.4%  
 Grade 5 or below 199 76.5% 53 10.9% 31 12.6%  
 Grade 6 to 10 274 70.5% 56 13.4% 78 16.1% 0.019 a
 O/L to Grade 12 190 72.9% 49 15.3% 45 11.8%  
 AL and above 91 66.9% 25 15.8% 31 17.3%  
Occupation category
 Professional 07 97.5% 02 1.0% 03 1.4%  
 Technical & clerical 38 72.3% 11 15.3% 12 12.4%  
 Vendors & sellers 82 60.0% 23 14.3% 31 25.6% 0.175
 Skilled manual workers 160 84.8% 24 7.9% 21 7.2%  
 Unskilled manual workers 181 74.8% 36 14.3% 23 10.8%  
 Retired 35 60.2% 15 19.7% 14 20.1%  
 Unemployed 40 70.6% 8 6.5% 11 22.9%  
 Housewife 257 65.5% 76 18.1% 82 16.4%  
Income Category (per month)
 < 10,000 293 73.2% 66 12.4% 53 14.3%  
 10,000 to 30,000 440 70.3% 107 14.5% 113 15.1% 0.005 a
 > 30,000 74 64.7% 23 19.2% 35 16.1%  
Social status index
 1st quintile 158 66.3% 38 16.3% 47 17.4%  
 2nd quintile 153 71.1% 39 14.5% 51 14.5%  
 3rd quintile 158 73.2% 39 12.0% 45 14.7% 0.006 a
 4th quintile 163 71.7% 38 14.7% 42 13.6%  
 5th quintile 182 76.1% 43 16.9% 17 7.0%  
UBNI
 1 80 91.0% 07 4.7% 08 4.3%  
 2 119 93.6% 34 1.4% 13 5.0%  
 3 176 70.8% 44 16.9% 28 12.3% <  0.001 a
 4 214 71.6% 46 13.6% 64 14.7%  
 5 243 63.3% 69 16.0% 89 20.7%  
  1. achi square test for trend was used. IFG: Impaired Glucose Tolerance, DM: Diabetes Mellitus, IFG: Impaired Fasting Glucose; UBNI: Unsatisfactory Basic Needs Index