Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 6 Multiple regression model on total amount of healthcare utilization in middle-aged and elderly adults

From: Social health insurance, healthcare utilization, and costs in middle-aged and elderly community-dwelling adults in China

Variables/categories Coef. Std. Err. Coef. Std. Err. Coef. Std. Err.
Health insurance; ref.: Not covered by social health insurance
 UEMI 0.258*** 0.066     
 URMI    0.129* 0.066   
 NCMI      0.188*** 0.039
Female, ref.: male 0.028 0.052 0.312* 0.135 0.096* 0.041
Age in years;ref.:<=50
  > 50 and <=65 0.183** 0.059 0.044 0.067 0.068** 0.024
  > 65 0.277*** 0.073 0.324* 0.161 0.139*** 0.031
Educational level; ref.: Less than lower secondary education
 Upper secondary and vocational training −0.025 0.063 −0.133* 0.052 −0.023 0.038
 Tertiary education −0.015 0.119 0.343 0.319 0.269 0.281
Marital status; ref.:
 Single/divorced/widowed       
 Married/cohabiting 0.056 0.068 0.020 0.078 −0.041 0.030
Health status (self-reported); ref.: Excellent
 Very good 0.274** 0.102 0.251* 0.125 0.191*** 0.024
 Good 0.234* 0.115 0.289* 0.128 0.212*** 0.032
 Fair 0.093 0.103 0.257* 0.114 0.267*** 0.049
 Poor 0.687*** 0.123 0.749*** 0.134 0.697*** 0.054
Income level; ref.: Lowest quintile
 Second quintile 0.099*** 0.023 0.078** 0.029 0.016** 0.006
 Third quintile 0.107** 0.041 0.055** 0.018 0.015*** 0.003
 Fourth quintile 0.143** 0.053 0.050* 0.022 0.032** 0.012
 Highest quintile 0.161*** 0.027 0.079*** 0.017 0.010** 0.004
Live in Urban or Rural; ref.: urban −0.094 0.060 −0.064 0.065 −0.071** 0.024
  1. Estimates were weighted using individual sampling weights and adjusted for household and individual responses
  2. Note: *** implies p-value < 0.001, ** indicates p-value < 0.01, * implies p-value < 0.05