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Table 1 Scoping review sources, ordered by country and lead author

From: Addressing female genital mutilation in Europe: a scoping review of approaches to participation, prevention, protection, and provision of services

Lead author, year Design Participation Prevention Protection Provision Communities
Belgium (1)
 Dieleman, 2010 [14] Focus groups/interviewsa x x x x Djibouti, Guinea, Somalia
 Finland (1)
Johansson, 2008 [20] Project report x x    Somalia
France (9)
 Andro, 2010 [3] Qualitative interviews     x Guinea, Mali, Senegal,
 Andro, 2009 [2] Qualitative interviews   x   x (as above)
 Johnsdotter, 2009a [24] Johnsdotter, 2009b [25] Cohort study     x  
 Grunvald, 2008 Secondary research   x   x  
 Le Roux, 2009 Qualitative interviews   x   x  
 Martin, 2007 [32] Wehenkel, 2007 Njierboer, 2010 Secondary research   x x   
 Kool, 2014b Secondary research    x   
Germany (1)       
 Behrendt, 2011 [6] Qualitative interviewsa x x   x Ghana, Nigeria, Togo
Italy (2)       
 Caroppo, 2014 Survey    x x  
 Turrilazzi, 2007 Secondary research    x   
Netherlands (2)
 Vloeberghs, 2012 [47] Vloeberghs, 2011 [46] Qualitative interviewsa x   x x Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan,
  Qualitative interviews x x x   (as above)
Norway (4)
 Gele, 2012a [19] Gele, 2012b [20] Lien & Schulz, 2014 [30] Focus groups x x    Somalia
  Focus groups   x    Somalia
  Qualitative interviews   x x   Somalia, Gambia, Eritrea, Kenya
 Schulz, 2013 Qualitative interviews x x    Somalia, Gambia
Spain (3)       
 Azkona, 2015 Proceedings paper   x    
 Kaplan, 2009a Survey of professionals    x x  
 Kaplan, 2009b Project description x x    
Sweden (6)
 Isman, 2013 Qualitative interviews x x    Somalia
 Foldes, 2012 [23]a Qualitative interviews x     Eritrea, Ethiopia
  Literature and case review    x   
 Litorp, 2008 Survey/clinical review x    x Eritrea, Somalia
 Lundberg, 2008 Qualitative interviews x x   x Eritrea
 Widmark, 2010 Qualitative interviews     x  
Switzerland (2)       
 Abdulcadir, 2014 [1] Review of clinical files     x  
 Renteria, 2008 Literature review, clinical case studies   x   x  
UK (22)
 Bindel, 2014 [8] Survey   x x   
 Brown, 2013 [10] Participatory action research x x    
 Creighton, 2010 [13] Report   x   x  
 Dustin, 2010 [10] Esmee Fairbairn Foundation, 2013 [16] Secondary research x   x   
 Gordon, 2007 Clinical review/interviews     x  
  Secondary research    x   
 Guine, 2007 [21] Hemmings, 2011 [22] Reporta x x    
 Hussein, 2008 Observational data x    x Somalia
 Jones, 2010 Qualitative interviews/ survey     x  
 Lavender, 2009 [27] Survey   x   x  
  Qualitative interviews x x   x Somalia
 Levac, 2010 [33] Literature review & stakeholder interviews   x   x  
 Liao, 2013 [29] Qualitative participatory researcha x x    Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan
 Moore, 2014 [33] Norman, 2009 [35] Paliwal, 2014 RCM, 2013 [37] Relph, 2013 [39] Safari, 2013 [40] Strauss, 2009 Zaidi, 2007 Zenner, 2013 Retrospective case analysis    x x  
  Questionnaire   x   x  
  Qualitative interviews     x Somalia
  Qualitative interviews     x Somalia
  Questionnaire     x  
  Retrospective clinical audit     x  
  Literature review/workshops   x x x  
  PEER, project report, qualitative interviewsa x x    
  Conference report x x x x  
EU-wide (8)
 Berg, 2013 [7] Literature review x X    
 EIGE, 2013 [17] Literature review x X x x  
 Krasa, 2009 [31] Literature review   x x x  
 Leye, 2009a [34] Survey/workshops     x  
 Leye, 2009b Questionnaires, workshops, expert reports    x   
 Leye, 2009c Literature review   X x   
 Leye, 2007 Questionnaire   X x   
 Novak, 2013 Statistical analysis   X x   
Global (9)
 Balogun, 2012 [5] Literature review     x  
 Boyle, 2010 Secondary researcha x X x   
 Costello, 2013 [11] Literature review x X x x  
 Cottingham, 2009 [12] Secondary research   X x   
 Kontoyannis, 2010 Literature review   X   x  
 Lien, 2013 [30] Qualitative x x    
 Mulongo, 2014 Literature review     x  
 NMHES, 2009 Report x x x   
 Reig Alcaraz, 2014 Literature review x x x x  
  totals N = 28 N = 43 N = 29 N = 40 N = 20
  1. NB: aIncluded participatory research methods; bIncluded the Netherlands