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Table 5 Odds ratio (95% C.I) of HIV status for proximate and biological determinants

From: Factors influencing risky sexual behaviour among Mozambican miners: a socio-epidemiological contribution for HIV prevention framework in Mozambique

  Models A (n = 317) Model B (n = 310) Model C (n = 297)
Factors (reference category) O.R. 95% C.I. O.R. 95% C.I. O.R. 95% C.I.
Discharge in the penis (No)
 Yes 0.53 0.09 2.86 0.55 0.09 3.28 0.69 0.06 7.57
Sore or ulcer in the penis (No)
 Yes 2.46 0.59 10.19 2.87 0.61 13.61 2.14 0.32 14.11
Diagnosed with STI (No)
 Yes 0.38 0.07 1.96 0.28 0.05 1.67 0.23 0.02 2.18
Diagnosed with TB (No)
 Yes 4.55 1.60 12.93 3.88 1.23 12.5 1.84 0.28 12.15
Total number of sexual partners in 12 months [1]
 2     0.89 0.46 1.76 0.57 0.23 1.44
 3+     0.58 0.24 1.37 0.29 0.09 0.98
Condom use in last 3 sexual acts (Never)
 Sometimes/Always     2.16 1.13 4.12 2.02 0.87 4.66
Paid for sex last 12 months (No)
 Yes     1.65 0.49 5.53 3.57 0.83 15.43
Use of alcohol and drugs before sex (Never)
 Sometimes/Always     0.50 0.22 1.15 0.32 0.11 0.98
Age at first sex (≤ 18)
 19 – 24     0.85 0.47 1.55 0.82 0.38 1.78
  ≥ 25     0.54 0.18 1.60 0.79 0.22 2.79
Circumcision (No)
 Yes     0.59 0.32 1.09 0.59 0.28 1.22
Age (≥ 51)
 21 – 30        1.17 0.24 5.82
 31 – 40        1.49 0.62 3.62
 41 – 50        0.60 0.23 1.61
Number of wives in both countries (1 in SA and Moz)
 No wife        2.05 0.27 15.61
 1 in SA        0.33 0.01 13.71
 1 in Moz        0.89 0.22 3.65
  > 1 in Moz        2.05 0.41 10.21
Education level (Secondary+)
 None        0.45 0.05 3.78
 Primary        0.74 0.26 2.09
Occupation (other)
 Engine driver        2.42 0.52 11.28
 Perforator        2.89 0.56 15.01
 Supervisor        3.61 0.68 19.18
Perceived risk of contracting HIV (HIV+)
 None        0.004 0.000 0.05
 Low        0.005 0.000 0.06
 Moderate        0.007 0.001 0.08
 High        0.005 0.000 0.06
Accommodation in S.A. (alone)
 Hostel        1.58 0.66 3.76
 Family        1.64 0.56 4.81
 Girlfriend/friends        1.62 0.462 5.67
  1. Significant estimates, at 5% significance level, are shown in "bold"