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Table 3 Linear probability model of catastrophic health expenditure (defined at a threshold of 10%) showing marginal effects

From: Changes in catastrophic health expenditure in post-conflict Sierra Leone: an Oaxaca-blinder decomposition analysis

Model Covariates 2003 2011 Difference±± Pooled
Below median expenditure 0.0444 0.00998 −0.0344 0.0261
  (0.028) (0.019) (0.037) (0.017)
Married 0.0773 −0.0211 −0.0984 0.0233
  (0.048) (0.025) (0.051) (0.025)
Age (years) 0.00243 −0.00477 −0.00720 −0.00167
  (0.005) (0.004) (0.007) (0.003)
Age squared −0.0000192 0.0000526 0.0000718 0.0000238
  (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
Male −0.0185 0.0144 0.0329 0.00716
  (0.044) (0.022) (0.043) (0.021)
Muslim 0.0330 −0.00354 −0.0366 0.0157
  (0.029) (0.021) (0.036) (0.018)
No education −0.00278 0.00817 0.0110 0.00304
  (0.040) (0.025) (0.041) (0.024)
Log household size 0.157*** 0.138*** −0.0183 0.142***
  (0.024) (0.018) (0.031) (0.015)
Children under 5 years −0.000669 −0.000710 −0.0000406 −0.000550
  (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
Adults over 65 years 0.00124 0.00120 −0.0000386 0.000899
  (0.001) (0.001) (0.002) (0.001)
Unemployed adults −0.000492 −0.000110 0.000382 −0.000274
  (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
Ill health 0.00504*** 0.00329*** −0.00175** 0.00456***
  (0.000) (0.001) (0.001) (0.000)
Rural 0.00642 0.00855 0.00212 0.0115
  (0.030) (0.024) (0.045) (0.019)
Eastern region± −0.154*** −0.00530 0.149** −0.0742**
  (0.052) (0.032) (0.060) (0.030)
Northern region± −0.147*** 0.0123 0.160*** −0.0650**
  (0.054) (0.031) (0.059) (0.031)
Southern region± −0.106** 0.126*** 0.233*** −0.00677
  (0.053) (0.036) (0.068) (0.033)
Formal Public 0.00466*** 0.00729*** 0.00263** 0.00546***
  (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.000)
Formal NGO & Missionary 0.00462*** 0.0108*** 0.00619 0.00597***
  (0.002) (0.002) (0.003) (0.001)
Formal Private 0.00483*** 0.00643*** 0.00161 0.00520***
  (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
Informal Private 0.00413*** 0.00364*** −0.000481 0.00316***
  (0.001) (0.001) (0.002) (0.001)
Public Hospital 0.00607** 0.00935*** 0.00328 0.00825***
  (0.003) (0.002) (0.003) (0.002)
Private Hospital 0.00722 −0.00475** −0.0120** −0.00233
  (0.005) (0.002) (0.006) (0.002)
2011 (base category: 2003) - - - −0.0505***
     (0.017)
Constant −0.0692 0.0131 0.0823 0.0107
  (0.144) (0.081) (0.175) (0.079)
Observations 1886 2800   4686
R 2 0.305 0.335   0.332
adj. R 2 0.296 0.329   0.329
  1. p < 0.1, ** p < 0.05, *** p < 0.01
  2. Standard errors in parentheses
  3. ±Base category: Western region
  4. ±±Standard errors estimated using 100 bootstrap replications