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Table 1 Maternal and child health indicators analyzed in this study

From: Examining changes in maternal and child health inequalities in Ethiopia

Indicators Definition
Stunting Percentage of children with a height-for-age z-score < −2 standard deviations from the reference median
Wasting Percentage of children with a weight-for-height z-score < −2 standard deviations from the reference median
Underweight Percentage of children with a weight-for-age z-score < −2 standard deviations from the reference median
Neonatal mortality rate (NMR) The number of neonates dying before reaching 28 days of age per 1000 live births
Infant mortality rate (IMR) The number of deaths among children under 12 months of age per 1000 live births
Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR) The number of deaths among children under 5 years of age per 1000 live births
Measles vaccination Percentage of children aged 12 to 23 months who received measlesa,b
Full immunization Percentage of children aged 12 to 23 months who received BCG, measles, and three doses of polio and DPTb,a
Contraceptive prevalence (modern method) Percentage of currently married women aged 15 to 49 who currently use a modern method of contraception
Antenatal care visits, 4 or more (ANC4+) Percentage of mothers aged 15 to 49 who had a live birth in the past 5 years who received at least 4 antenatal care visits from any skilled personnel during pregnancy for the most recent birth
Skilled birth attendant (SBA) Percentage of live births to mothers aged 15 to 49 in the past five years that were attended by skilled health attendant
  1. Notes:aImmunizations are either verified by card or based on recall of respondent. b Data not collected in 2014 mini-DHS survey
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