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Table 3 Factors associated with institutionalization willingness among single male seniors in rural Shandong, China,2012 (n = 193)

From: Gender difference in utilization willingness of institutional care among the single seniors: evidence from rural Shandong, China

Characteristics Willingness for institutionalization ORc (95% CI) P ORa (95% CI) p
  Yes (%) No (%)     
n = 193 18(9.3) 175(90.7)     
Age      NA  
 60- 13(13.3) 85(86.7) 1.0    
 70- 5(8.1) 57(91.9) 0.57(0.19-1.70) 0.315   
 80- 0(0.0) 33(100.0) 0.000(0.000) 0.998   
Education      NA  
 Illiteracy or semiliterate 11(12.2) 79(87.8) 1.0    
 Primary school 6(8.1) 68(91.9) 0.63(0.223-1.80) 0.393   
 Junior school or above 1(3.4) 28(96.6) 0.26(0.03-2.08) 0.202   
Past occupation      NA  
 Farmer 16(9.6) 151(90.4) 1.0    
 Others 2(7.7) 24(92.3) 0.79(0.17-3.64) 0.759   
Living arrangements       
Alone 13(18.6) 57(81.4) 1.0   1.0  
 With children or others 5(4.1) 118(95.9) 0.19(0.06-0.55) 0.002 0.26(0.08-0.89) 0.032
Number of children      NA  
  ≤ 3 16(11.8) 120(88.2) 1.0    
  > 3 2(3.5) 55(96.5) 0.27(0.06-1.23) 0.090   
Relationship with children      NA  
 Good 15(8.9) 153(91.1) 1.0    
 Normal or bad 3(12.0) 22(88.0) 1.39(0.37-5.20) 0.624   
Social support 18(9.3) 175(90.7) 0.91(0.85-0.98) 0.008 0.96(0.89-1.04) 0.318
Self-reported health status      NA  
 Good 5(6.1) 77(93.9) 1.0    
 Normal or bad 13(11.7) 98(88.3) 2.04(0.70-5.98) 0.192   
Psychological stress 18(9.3) 175(90.7) 1.08(1.02-1.14) 0.014 1.06(1.00-1.13) 0.045
ADLa      NA  
 I 10(8.5) 107(91.5) 1.0    
 II 5(13.9) 31(86.1) 1.73(0.55-5.43) 0.350   
 III 3(7.5) 37(92.5) 0.87(0.23-3.32) 0.836   
NCDb      NA  
 Yes 15(11.1) 120(88.9) 1.0    
 NO 3(5.2) 55(94.8) 0.44(0.12-1.570) 0.204   
Incomec      NA  
 Q1 12(14.5) 71(85.5) 1.0    
 Q2 4(6.9) 54(93.1) 0.44(0.13-1.43) 0.173   
 Q3 1(2.6) 38(97.4) 0.16(0.020-1.24) 0.079   
 Q4 1(7.7) 12(92.3) 0.49(0.06-4.15) 0.515   
Per-capita living space 18(9.3) 175(90.7) 1.00(0.10-1.01) 0.448 NA  
  1. ORc: crude odds ratio
  2. ORa : adjusted odds ratio
  3. aADL means activity of daily living
  4. bNCD means non-communicable chronic diseases
  5. cQuartile 1 (Q1) is the poorest and Quartile 4 (Q4) is the richest