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Table 2 Decomposition of the concentration index of youth clinic utilization among young people in Northern Sweden

From: Equitable health services for the young? A decomposition of income-related inequalities in young adults’ utilization of health care in Northern Sweden

  Women Men Total
Coeff Elast CI Cont to C % Coeff Elast CI Cont to C % Coeff Elast CI Cont to C %
Sex
 Men                
 Women            0.213*** 2.264 −0.013 −0.031 −31.4
Age
 16–18 years                
 19–22 years −0.072 −0.145 0.104 −0.015 −9.0 −0.022 −0.242 0.016 −0.004 6.1 −0.051* −0.155 0.066 −0.010 −10.6
 23–25 years −0.139** −0.186 −0.306 0.057 34.3 −0.053* −0.366 −0.079 0.029 −45.8 −0.098*** −0.195 −0.215 0.042 43.3
Self-rated health
 Very good                
 Good 0.040 0.095 0.012 0.001 0.7 −0.002 −0.024 −0.020 0.000 −0.7 0.020 0.072 −0.002 0.000 −0.2
 Fair 0.027 0.022 −0.074 −0.002 −1.0 −0.014 −0.043 −0.129 0.006 −8.7 0.002 0.002 −0.098 0.000 −0.2
 Poor/Very poor −0.037 −0.006 −0.081 0.000 0.3 −0.013 −0.007 −0.143 0.001 −1.6 −0.023 −0.005 −0.104 0.000 0.5
Long term illness −0.082** −0.471 −0.014 0.006 3.8 −0.004 −0.119 −0.008 0.001 −1.4 −0.043** −0.376 −0.011 0.004 4.3
Mental health 0.002 0.231 −0.004 −0.001 −0.6 0.002 0.789 −0.012 −0.010 15.2 0.002 0.305 −0.009 −0.003 −2.9
Health complaints 0.002 0.132 −0.016 −0.002 −1.3 0.001 0.228 −0.012 −0.003 4.2 0.001 0.064 −0.017 −0.001 −1.1
Alcohol problems 0.072 0.033 0.029 0.001 0.6 0.011 0.033 −0.117 −0.004 6.2 0.043 0.033 −0.037 −0.001 −1.3
Drug use 0.106 0.018 0.068 0.001 0.8 0.048* 0.066 −0.084 −0.006 8.7 0.093** 0.029 −0.005 0.000 −0.2
Violence 0.057 0.020 −0.115 −0.002 −1.4 0.039 0.086 −0.085 −0.007 11.6 0.047 0.027 −0.098 −0.003 −2.7
Subtotal Need     0.045 27.2     0.004 −6.5     −0.002 −2.3
Household income
 Lowest quintile −0.109** −0.096 −0.795 0.076 46.1 0.007 0.037 −0.790 −0.029 45.6 −0.049** −0.065 −0.794 0.052 53.3
 2 −0.070** −0.061 −0.397 0.024 14.7 0.030 0.150 −0.394 −0.059 93.0 −0.031 −0.024 −0.483 0.012 11.9
 3 −0.070 −0.061 0.000 0.000 0.0 0.016 0.078 0.001 0.000 −0.1 0.031 0.030 −0.228 −0.007 −7.1
 4 −0.064 −0.056 0.397 −0.022 −13.5 0.004 0.019 0.396 0.008 −11.9 −0.035 −0.045 0.106 −0.005 −4.9
 Highest quintile                
Education level
 Low level                
 Medium/High level −0.056 −0.370 −0.053 0.020 11.9 0.008 0.281 −0.003 −0.001 1.4 −0.023 −0.236 −0.033 0.008 8.0
Type of occupation
 Studying                
 Working −0.094** −0.109 −0.127 0.014 8.4 −0.007 −0.049 0.048 −0.002 3.7 −0.049** −0.090 −0.050 0.004 4.6
 Unemployed 0.011 0.005 −0.101 0.000 −0.3 −0.007 −0.021 −0.151 0.003 −4.9 0.008 0.006 −0.116 −0.001 −0.7
 Other 0.007 0.003 −0.018 0.000 0.0 −0.002 −0.004 −0.116 0.000 −0.7 0.005 0.003 −0.057 0.000 −0.2
Place of birth
 Sweden                
 Other country −0.154 −0.719 −0.007 0.005 3.2 −0.005 −0.144 −0.020 0.003 −4.7 −0.079 −0.567 −0.013 0.008 7.8
Cash margin
 Yes                
 No −0.025 −0.042 −0.053 0.002 1.3 0.005 0.042 −0.101 −0.004 6.7 −0.009 −0.023 −0.076 0.002 1.8
Youth clinic
 Yes                
 No −0.044 −0.067 0.043 −0.003 −1.7 0.005 0.041 −0.002 0.000 0.2 −0.017 −0.040 0.022 −0.001 −0.9
Subtotal Non-Need     0.116 70.0     −0.081 128.3     0.072 73.6
Total     0.161      −0.077      0.069  
Residual     0.005      0.014      0.028  
C     0.166***      −0.063      0.097**  
HI     0.121***      −0.068      0.099**  
  1. Coeff Marginal effects from the probit model, Elast elasticity, CI Concentration index of the social determinants, Cont to C Contribution to the overall concentration index, % unadjusted percentage calculated on the overall explained portion of the C
  2. * 0.01 ≤ p < 0.05; ** 0.001 ≤ p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001