Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 3 Odds Ratio of risk of GHQ ≥ 3 of multi-level logistic regression model with random effects at NUTS-2 regions level according to macroeconomic context variables

From: Socio-economic factors linked with mental health during the recession: a multilevel analysis

Variable Total Men Women
ORa 95% CI p-value ORa 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value
Healthcare spending per capita (↓100€ person/year) 1.05 (1.03 - 1.08) <0.001 1.04 (1.00 - 1.08) 0.046 1.06 (1.03 - 1.09) <0.001
Risk of poverty (↑10 points) 0.98 (0.89 - 1.08) 0.718 0.96 (0.83 - 1.1) 0.548 0.95 (0.86 - 1.05) 0.357
Income per capita per household (↓20 points) 1.28 (0.86 - 1.89) 0.226 1.08 (0.86 - 1.36) 0.492 1.00 (0.87 - 1.15) 0.996
Gross Domestic Product (↓20 point) 1.05 (0.90 - 1.23) 0.520 0.98 (0.83 - 1.14) 0.767 0.98 (0.87 - 1.1) 0.726
Employment rate (↓5 points) 1.00 (0.96 - 1.03) 0.821 1.02 (0.96 - 1.07) 0.594 0.97 (0.93 - 1.01) 0.140
Unemployment rate (↑5 points) 1.00 (0.99 - 1.02) 0.699 1.02 (0.99 - 1.05) 0.146 0.99 (0.97 - 1.01) 0.323
Percentage of temporary workers (↑5 points) 0.96 (0.94 - 0.99) 0.006 0.92 (0.88 - 0.96) <0.001 0.99 (0.96 - 1.03) 0.691
  1. (a) Adjusted for age, state of health, social class, employment situation, level of education, marital status, nationality and social support