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Table 7 Odds ratios from logistic regressions for Diabetes, Hypertension and Heart Disease for the total population aged 25 or older and by gender, Brazil 1998–2013

From: Time trends in adult chronic disease inequalities by education in Brazil: 1998–2013

Variables All Females Males
  Diabetes Hypertension Heart Diabetes Hypertension Heart Diabetes Hypertension Heart
Education
 No education 2.07*** 1.99*** 2.17*** 3.36*** 2.87*** 3.06*** 1.12 1.25*** 1.51***
 Primary or incomplete secondary 1.81*** 1.68*** 1.72*** 2.56*** 2.30*** 2.30*** 1.28*** 1.14*** 1.29***
 Secondary 1.21*** 1.11*** 1.15** 1.37*** 1.29*** 1.41*** 1.13 0.93 0.96
 Some college or more 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Age
 25–49 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 50–94 5.62*** 4.94*** 4.70*** 5.21*** 5.02*** 4.10*** 6.14*** 4.83*** 5.62***
Sex
 Male 1.00 1.00 1.00 na na na na na na
 Female 1.27*** 1.54*** 1.24***       
Race
 White 1.02 0.89*** 1.03 1.02 0.85*** 0.98 1.02 0.95** 1.10**
 Non-White 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Proxy
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 0.96 0.90*** 0.90*** 0.95 0.89*** 0.93** 0.97 0.93*** 0.89***
Region
 North 0.79*** 0.69*** 0.71*** 0.80*** 0.69*** 0.72*** 0.78*** 0.70*** 0.72***
 Northeast 0.75*** 0.80*** 0.63*** 0.79*** 0.83*** 0.62*** 0.71*** 0.77*** 0.67***
 Midwest 0.92** 0.94*** 1.08** 0.97 0.95* 1.13*** 0.87** 0.94* 1.02
 Southeast 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 South 0.90*** 0.97 1.16*** 0.93 0.99 1.19*** 0.85** 0.95 1.11**
Health Insurance
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 1.20*** 1.13*** 1.19*** 1.12*** 1.07*** 1.15*** 1.32*** 1.22*** 1.26***
Year
 1998 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 2003 1.27*** 1.14*** 0.89*** 1.24*** 1.15*** 0.88*** 1.31*** 1.12*** 0.93***
 2008 1.63*** 1.24*** 0.87*** 1.56*** 1.22*** 0.82*** 1.77*** 1.28*** 0.95*
 2013 2.14*** 1.36*** 0.64*** 2.10*** 1.36*** 0.59*** 2.22*** 1.37*** 0.72***
  1. *** p <0.001, ** p <0.01, * p <0.05