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Table 1 Management and complications of individuals with diabetes mellitus

From: A survey on socioeconomic determinants of diabetes mellitus management in a lower middle income setting

Management and complications Number Percentagea
Place of regular visit for treatment (n = 146)
 State 41 23.4 %
 Private 100 76.6 %
 Missing 5  
Management activities (n = 146)b
 Monthly follow-ups done 53 38.6 %
 Following a diabetic diet 16 14.4 %
 Diet control 16 14.4 %
 Referred to a dietician 4 3.0 %
 Diet plan by dietician 1 0.1 %
 Referred to an ophthalmology clinic 6 6.6 %
 Annual retinal examination 3 4.2 %
 Neuropathy examination 0 0.0 %
Frequency of investigations conducted (n = 146)b
 Monthly fasting plasma glucose 62 47.2 %
 Annual plasma lipids 25 13.9 %
 Annual electrocardiogram 7 4.7 %
 Annual HbA1C 4 2.5 %
 Annual urine microalbumin 5 5.2 %
 Benedict’s test at home (at least monthly) 7 4.8 %
 Capillary blood sugar at home (at least monthly) 5 3.6 %
Complications (n = 202)b
 Diabetic retinopathy 30 9.8 %
 Neuropathy 159 82.9 %
 Microalbuminurea 61 33.8 %
 Angina 35 14.4 %
 Ischaemic heart disease 29 31.7 %
 Peripheral arterial disease 8 5.1 %
 Foot ulcer 22 9.0 %
 Amputation 2 0.1 %
 Sexual problems (among males only, n = 98) (impotence, early/late ejaculation) 43 61.6 %
  1. aAll percentages were weighted values, bBased on multiple responses