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Table 2 Descriptive statistics on selected variables, by survey year (percentage)

From: Unemployment and health selection in diverging economic conditions: Compositional changes? Evidence from 28 European countries

  Unemployment LLSI Higher education Woman
  2007 2011 2007 2011 2007 2011 2007 2011
Crisis         
 Estonia 3.08 7.48 32.79 33.70 20.09 26.17 53.93 58.74
 Greece 5.01 11.53 17.39 22.27 15.66 17.12 51.95 52.04
 Ireland 3.68 10.26 21.00 17.67 21.92 31.95 52.80 52.51
 Latvia 4.42 11.76 31.17 32.87 16.64 20.90 57.67 57.40
 Lithuania 3.83 8.56 26.46 24.35 20.58 23.68 54.25 56.93
 Spain 6.18 11.96 16.66 18.55 20.96 23.09 52.40 52.27
Mild crisis         
 Bulgaria 14.76 10.28 4.66 18.27 14.71 18.25 52.54 52.95
 Cyprus 2.53 5.11 20.00 22.94 22.17 24.18 52.34 52.97
 Denmark 2.30 3.57 15.13 16.50 26.63 30.74 51.54 52.01
 Hungary 4.84 7.64 30.69 25.69 15.23 16.93 54.81 54.94
 Iceland 0.84 4.36 12.30 17.27 21.47 24.59 49.29 51.68
 Portugal 5.47 7.70 29.38 29.40 8.72 10.04 53.13 53.36
 Slovenia 6.31 7.86 19.53 29.15 16.43 20.16 53.62 53.71
 U.K. 1.71 3.09 22.43 23.32 22.35 31.47 53.68 52.67
Small increase         
 Czech Republic 3.71 4.26 20.84 24.32 10.53 13.52 54.74 57.81
 France 5.23 5.42 18.23 21.02 22.57 25.53 52.33 52.27
 Italy 4.88 7.04 15.72 21.19 10.06 12.42 52.26 52.29
 Slovakia 5.47 6.29 19.28 26.91 14.91 18.12 53.65 53.75
 Sweden 2.73 3.87 19.08 16.16 27.32 29.82 51.32 52.36
No crisis         
 Austria 3.22 3.86 18.85 23.16 15.65 17.50 52.72 52.71
 Belgium 6.28 6.19 17.05 18.27 29.75 32.55 51.59 51.68
 Finland 5.13 5.96 23.79 25.89 31.17 32.67 51.76 49.62
 Germany 5.56 4.36 23.04 24.78 35.05 34.22 53.02 51.95
 Luxembourg 4.22 3.87 11.92 11.52 25.48 22.42 50.18 50.58
 Netherlands 1.07 1.74 17.18 21.83 30.26 33.16 54.39 54.25
 Norway 1.68 1.82 18.30 16.53 29.10 36.50 48.84 46.90
 Poland 7.71 6.51 21.70 22.32 12.21 15.53 53.60 53.93
 Romania 3.30 2.45 17.26 24.64 9.19 10.89 52.45 52.29
  1. Notes
  2. Descriptive statistics only shown for the dependent variable (unemployment) and the independent variable of main interest (LLSI), along with two selected covariates (higher education and woman)
  3. Full descriptive statistics are available on request