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Table 5 Factors associated with high utilization (≥6 visits) of PHC services among users in past two years (n = 12951), 2005 and 2010 samples combined (logistical regression)

From: The impact of primary healthcare reform on equity of utilization of services in the province of Quebec: a 2003–2010 follow-up

Variables in model   ≥6 visits to PHC past 2 years
   OR 95 % CI
Year (ref.: 2005) 2010 .789 .595 1.045
SES Low .923 .727 1.173
(ref.: Very low) High .824 .642 1.057
  Very high .690 .527 .903
Interaction year × SES Low x 2010 1.042 .743 1.461
(ref.: Very low x2010) High x2010 1.005 .715 1.412
  Very high x2010 1.094 .756 1.581
Sex (ref.: Male) Female 1.365 1.218 1.530
Age 30-44 .920 .755 1.121
(ref.: 18–29) 45-64 .846 .700 1.024
  65 or over 1.031 .834 1.276
Level of education Secondary .948 .805 1.116
(ref.: <Secondary) College .749 .624 .900
  University .752 .626 .903
Immigrant status Has immigrated < 10 years .771 .566 1.052
(ref.: Born in Canada) Has immigrated ≥10 years .968 .820 1.143
Morbidity ≥1 risk factor 1.807 1.542 2.116
(ref.: None) 1 chr. Disease 1.773 1.532 2.051
  ≥2 chr. diseases 3.086 2.539 3.752
Perceived health Good .706 .609 .817
(ref.: Bad/Average) Very good .502 .428 .588
  Excellent .337 .273 .415
  1. Note: Statistically significant results (p < 0.05) are in bold