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Table 4 Example of a separate summary of findings table because of expected differences for disadvantaged population

From: Extending the PRISMA statement to equity-focused systematic reviews (PRISMA-E 2012): explanation and elaboration

  Positive Neutral Negative Mixed Unclear Total
Increases in price/tax of tobacco products 14 6 4 1 2 27
Smokefree-voluntary, regional, partial 1 1 19 0 4 25
Smokefree-compulsory, national, comprehensive 2 9 6 1 4 19
Mass media campaigns 3 2 5 2 6 18
Mass media campaigns-quitlines and NRT 5 3 3 0 1 12
Controls on advertising, promotion and marketing of tobacco 2 7 0 0   9
Population-level cessation support interventions 4 2 0 1 2 9
Setting based interventions(community, workplace, hospital) 2 4 1 0 0 7
Multiple policies 0 2 0 1 1 4
Total policies 33 36 38 6 17 130a
Total studies 31b 30 37 6 14b 117
  1. Summary equity impact of included studies and policies
  2. aEight studies assessed more than one type of pilocy Dinno 200935 = Smokefree, Price/Tax; Frieden 200549 = Smoke, Price/Tax, Multiple policies; Hawk 99 = Mass Media, Mass Media-quitlines and NRT; Hawkins 2012 53 = Smokefree, Price/Tax
  3. bLevy 200641 = Smokefree, Price/Tax, Mass Media; Nagelhout 201354 = Smokefree, Price/Tax Media; Scaap 200847 = Smokefree, Price/Tax, Controls on advertising, promotion and marketing of tobacco, Multiple policies; Wilson 2010a115 = Controls on advertising, promotion and marketing of tobacco, Mass media-quitlines and NRT
  4. [95]