Skip to main content

Table 1 Coverage of reproductive health services

From: Towards universal health coverage for reproductive health services in Ethiopia: two policy recommendations

  Family Planninga Antenatal careb Skilled attendance at birthc
  Number of observations Coverage % Number of observations Coverage % Number of observations Coverage %
Wealth       
Least-poor 2190 48 1644 56 2172 55
Less-poor 1816 27 1227 22 1869 9
Middle 18613 19 1239 15 1863 4
Poorer 2022 17 1351 11 2111 4
Poorest 3478 7 2276 8 3620 3
Location       
Urban 1907 46 1496 56 1985 59
Rural 9612 17 6241 14 9646 5
Education       
No education 7788 15 5167 13 8124 6
Education 3431 36 2570 40 3507 32
Head of Household       
Female headed household 2122 16 1557 25 2183 21
Male headed household 9097 23 6180 21 9448 13
Employment status       
Not employed 7825 18 5296 19 8134 12
Employed 3383 29 2431 30 3480 20
Health insurance       
No health insurance 11155 22 7679 22 11559 14
Health insurance 58 53 50 72 59 73
Age       
15–19 years 514 18 416 17 514 14
20–24 years 2344 26 1594 24 2338 18
25–29 years 3506 22 2283 24 3632 17
30–34 years 2266 21 1501 22 2366 13
35–39 years 1692 21 1195 22 1788 10
>40 years 954 16 748 15 993 7
Birth order       
First birth 2248 29 1471 35 2298 29
Second birth 1963 28 1331 30 2022 20
Third birth 1630 21 1078 19 1686 12
Fourth birth 1408 18 970 18 1458 10
Fifth or subsquent birth 3970 16 2287 14 4167 6
Reporting problem       
Permission to go       
Problem 3784 15 2477 12 3927 7
Not a problem 7433 25 5254 27 7695 18
Getting money       
Problem 7826 18 5283 17 8095 10
Not a problem 3392 28 2449 32 3528 24
Distance to facility       
Problem 8304 17 5552 15 8594 8
Not a problem 2912 35 2178 40 3027 32
Transportation       
Problem 8697 18 5824 16 9002 9
Not a problem 2520 35 1907 41 2620 33
Going alone       
Problem 7014 19 4733 18 7273 10
Not a problem 4202 26 2998 29 4348 22
No female provider       
Problem 7178 18 4800 17 7435 10
Not a problem 4037 28 2931 30 4185 21
No provider       
Problem 7557 19 5087 19 7821 11
Not a problem 3661 28 2645 29 3802 20
No drugs       
Problem 7753 19 5237 19 8031 11
Not a problem 3465 28 2495 29 3592 21
Workload at home       
Problem 7511 19 5030 17 7782 10
Not a problem 3701 27 2698 31 3835 23
Religion       
Muslim 5211 14 3350 17 5435 11
Protestant 2180 22 1476 18 2233 10
Orthodox 3485 34 2680 31 3613 22
Other religion 338 11 227 11 345 6
Region       
Tigray 1164 21 846 30 1202 11
Affar 1105 5 713 8 1128 5
Amhara 1226 30 959 12 1291 9
Oromiya 1694 23 1100 19 1759 9
Somali 953 3 559 8 1027 8
Benishangul-Gumuz 982 20 670 15 1015 8
SNNPR 1576 23 1051 17 1612 6
Gambela 834 18 605 23 847 17
Harari 626 31 439 34 659 32
Addis Ababa 383 68 344 87 399 85
Dire Dawa 676 22 451 36 692 35
Total 11219 22 7737 22 11631 14
  1. aFamily planning; women who said they did not want more children or that they would like to wait two more years before they have another child, and who are not currently pregnant
  2. bAntenatal Care: ≥ four antenatal visits during pregnancy
  3. cSkilled Birth Attendance: birth assistance by a doctor, nurse or midwife, health extension worker or other health professional among women who gave birth the last 5 years
  4. Source: Central Statistical Agency & ICF International. 2012. Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey, 2011. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Central Statistical Agency and ICF International