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Table 3 Descriptive analysis: total number of Deaths and crude death rates by sex and cause of death in Lisbon Metropolitan Area (aggregated period, 1995–2008)

From: Mortality, material deprivation and urbanization: exploring the social patterns of a metropolitan area

Causes of Death Number of Deathsa Crude Rates (total population, per 1000)
Total Men Women Total Men Women
Infectious and parasitic disease 13,533 9665 3868 5.1 7.6 2.8
Malignant neoplasm (MN) stomach 7696 4713 2983 2.9 3.7 2.2
MN colon, rectum, anus and anal canal 12,530 7008 5522 4.7 5.5 4.0
MN larynx, trachea, bronchus and lung 13,550 11,169 2381 5.1 8.8 1.7
MN female breast 6710   6710 2.5 0.0 4.8
MN prostate 5643 5643   2.1 4.4 0.0
Diabetes mellitus 12,723 5525 7198 4.8 4.3 5.2
Dementias 1787 688 1099 0.7 0.5 0.8
Ischemic heart disease 45,392 23,552 21,840 17.1 18.5 15.8
Cerebrovascular disease 57,347 23,437 33,910 21.5 18.4 24.5
Chronic liver disease 5271 4149 1122 2.0 3.3 0.8
Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings 20,590 10,295 10,295 7.7 8.1 7.4
Transport injuries 6022 4486 1536 2.3 3.5 1.1
Suicide and intentional self-harm 3267 2447 820 1.2 1.9 0.6
Total of the 14 causes of death 212,113 112,829 99,284 79.7 88.4 71.6
Total Deaths 355,363 183,955 171,408 133.5 144.2 123.7
  1. aThe deaths where sex, age or parish of residence are missing have not been quantified
  2. Source: based on Portuguese National Statistics Institute, 1995–2008