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Table 6 Association between regional Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita and all-cause mortality at ages 65+, Colombia, 1980–2010

From: The public health impact of economic fluctuations in a Latin American country: mortality and the business cycle in Colombia in the period 1980–2010

  1980–1995 2000–2010  
65+ years Model 1 Model 1 Model 3
  Estimate SE p value Estimate SE p value Estimate SE p value
Men          
Log GDP per capita −0.1659 0.0820 0.04 0.0560 0.0454 0.22 0.0515 0.0474 0.28
 College enrollment rate        −0.1363 0.0444 0.00
 % subsidized insurance        0.0707 0.0585 0.23
 % contributive insurance        0.1683 0.1373 0.22
 Health transfers (log)        0.0054 0.0380 0.89
Women          
Log GDP per capita −0.1115 0.0667 0.09 0.0557 0.0514 0.28 0.0427 0.0526 0.42
 College enrollment rate        −0.0144 0.0317 0.65
 % subsidized insurance        0.1365 0.0600 0.02
 % contributive insurance        0.1901 0.1303 0.14
 Health transfers (log)        −0.0059 0.0283 0.84
Region dummies Yes Yes Yes
Year dummies Yes Yes Yes
Regional linear trends Yes Yes Yes
  1. OLS estimates and robust standard errors (SE)