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Table 4 Odds ratios of experiencing FGM and 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) amongst women aged 15–49 years in Burkina Faso, 1999, 2003 and 2010

From: Trends and protective factors of female genital mutilation in Burkina Faso: 1999 to 2010

Variable Odds of being circumcised, 1999 95% CI Odds of being circumcised, 2003 95% CI Odds of being circumcised, 2010 95% CI
Birth Cohort (Reference is 1950–1959 in 1999 and 2003 and 1960–1969 in 2010)       
1960-1969 0.76 (0.56,1.03) 0.80 (0.64,1.00)   
1979-1979 0.67 (0.50,0.89)* 0.58 (0.47,0.72)** 0.64 (0.54,0.77)**
1980-1989 0.53 (0.35,0.79)* 0.42 (0.34,0.53)** 0.31 (0.26,0.36)**
1990-1995      0.16 (0.13,0.20)**
Age at Marriage (Reference is Before age 18)       
18 Years or more 0.84 (0.68,1.05) 0.90 (0.79,1.03) 0.85 (0.76,0.94)*
Ethnicity: Reference is Mossi       
Bobo, Dioula, Senoufu 0.88 (0.40,1.95) 1.19 (0.84,1.71) 0.61 (0.45,0.82)*
Fulfuldé,Peul,Touareg,Bella 0.99 (0.54,1.80) 0.62 (0.45,0.86)* 0.38 (0.30,0.48)**
Gourmatché 1.49 (0.72,3.06) 0.52 (0.33,0.79)* 0.32 (0.23,0.45)*
Gourounsi and Bissa 0.43 (0.26,0.70)* 0.33 (0.22,0.50)** 0.66 (0.51,0.85)*
Lobbi and Dagara 1.96 (0.95,4.04) 0.65 (0.46,0.92)* 0.99 (0.70,1.40)
Other ethnicities 0.88 (0.55,1.41) 0.84 (0.59,1.20) 0.81 (0.64,1.03)
Education level: Reference is no education       
Primary education or higher 0.99 (0.71,1.38) 0.97 (0.79,1.18) 0.80 (0.69,0.92)*
Residence : Reference is Urban       
Rural 0.67 (0.39,1.17) 1.03 (0.72,1.49) 1.61 (1.20,2.15)*
Religion: Reference is Christian       
Muslims 1.79 (1.35,2.36)** 1.86 (1.56,2.33)** 2.13 (1.86,2.45)**
Traditional and other religions 1.81 (1.23,2.66)* 1.34 (1.06,1.69)* 1.44 (1.14,1.82)*
  1. Sources of data: DHS 1999, 2003, 2010 *P value <0.05, **P value <0.001.