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Table 5 Predictors of abnormal scores on the SDQ total difficulties scale and subscales by child, family and area characteristics

From: Exploring the social, emotional and behavioural development of preschool children: is Glasgow different?

  Total difficulties Emotional Hyperactivity Conduct Peer relations
Health board NS NS NS NS NS
Glasgow −0.10 −0.13 0.15 −0.24 0.17
Other - - - - -
Multiple deprivation (SIMD) NS NS ** ** NS
5 – Least deprived    −0.51 −0.68  
4    −0.54 −0.60  
3    −0.27 −0.31  
2    −0.18 −0.25  
1 – Most deprived    - -  
Ethnicity * NS NS NS *
White −0.70     −0.97
Non-White -     -
Mother’s education ** ** ** NS NS
No qualifications 0.91 1.15 0.31   
Other 0.85 2.62 0.38   
Lower standard grade or equivalent 0.80 0.26 0.56   
Higher standard grades or equivalent 0.48 0.87 0.47   
Higher grades or equivalent −0.05 −0.21 0.01   
Degree or higher - - -   
Equivalised income ** NS NS ** **
Bottom Quintile (<£11, 875) 1.64    0.94 1.02
2nd Quintile 1.16    0.44 0.97
3rd Quintile 0.51    0.24 −0.05
4th Quintile 0.68    0.02 −0.07
Top Quintile (> = £37,500) -    - -
Household employment status NS NS ** NS NS
1+ Parent Work Full-time (16+ hours)    −0.32   
1+ Parent Work Part-time (<16 hours)    −0.46   
No work    -   
Household socio-economic classification (NS-SEC) NS NS NS NS NS
Managerial and professional      
Intermediate      
Small employers and own accounts workers      
Lower supervisory and technical      
Semi-routine and routine      
Never worked      
Child sex ** NS * ** *
Male 0.64   0.54 0.23 0.47
Female -   - - -
Age of mother at birth of child NS NS ** NS NS
20 years or under    1.37   
21 to 30 years    1.10   
31 to 40 years    0.76   
Over 40 years    -   
Family status NS NS NS NS NS
Couple family      
Lone parent      
R 2 (Nagelkerke) 0.11 0.05 0.08 0.06 0.05
Base 3716 3739 3924 3776 3768
  1. *p<0.05, ** p<0.01.