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Table 2 Summary of key Kenyan health sector indicators values in comparison to average values for low income countries

From: Indicators for Universal Health Coverage: can Kenya comply with the proposed post-2015 monitoring recommendations?

  Indicators National value Average for low income countries Source
Health Service delivery Births attended by skilled health personnel (%) (2005–2012) 44 47 WHO
Contraceptive Prevalence (%) (2005–2012) 46 38
Neonates protected at birth against neonatal tetanus (%)(2011) 73 82
DPT3 Immunisation coverage among 1-year-olds (%)(2011) 88 79
Density of nursing and midwifery personnel per 10 000 population 7.9 14.9
Hospitals (per 10 000 population) 1.6 0.9
Median availability of selected generic medicines in public sectors (%) 37.7% No data
Health financing Total expenditure on health as a percentage of gross domestic product (2010) 5.4% 5.3% Kenya NHA and WHO
Per capita expenditure on health expenditure on health at average exchange rate (US$) 42.2 28
General government expenditure on health as a percentage of total expenditure on health 28.8% 38.5%
Government expenditure on health as a percentage of total government expenditure 4.6% 9.3%
Private expenditure on health as a percentage of total expenditure on health 37% 61.5%
Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of private expenditure on Health 76.6% 77.7%
Health status Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) (2010) 360 410 WHO
Under five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) (2011) 73 63
Adult mortality rate (probability of dying between 15–60 years of age per 1000 population) (2011) Male = 346 Male = 288
Female = 294 Female = 245
  1. Sourced from WHO and Kenya National Health Accounts (NHA) [31],[32].