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Table 2 Age and sex-standardised prevalence, prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of lifestyle risk factors, by Aboriginal status

From: Inequalities in the social determinants of health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People: a cross-sectional population-based study in the Australian state of Victoria

Risk factor Prevalence (%) Prevalence ratio (95% CI)
Age-adjusted Crude
Non-Aboriginal Aboriginal Aboriginal Non-Aboriginal Aboriginal (95% CI) p value
Risky drinkera at least yearly 45.7 44.3 50.7 1.00 1.0 (0.9-1.2) 0.789
Risky drinker at least monthly 31.1 29.7 31.8 1.00 1.0 (0.7-1.3) 0.769
Risky drinker at least weekly 17.6 15.7 16.9 1.00 0.9 (0.6-1.6) 0.788
Obeseb 17.6 24.7 24.6 1.00 1.5 (1.1-2.0) 0.020
Overweight or obesec 51.5 57.2 53.7 1.00 1.1 (0.9-1.2) 0.395
Smoker 19.1 30.4 33.9 1.00 1.6 (1.2-2.1) <0.001
Inadequate physical activity 34.3 35.8 33.9 1.00 1.1 (0.8-1.3) 0.696
Inadequate fruit intake 51.5 63.5 66.1 1.00 1.3 (1.1-1.5) <0.001
Inadequate vegetable intake 91.8 90.4 90.1 1.00 1.0 (0.9-1.0) 0.153
Hypertensive 26.0 25.6 21.5 1.00 1.0 (0.8-1.3) 0.971
  1. aAt short-term risk of alcohol-related harm.
  2. bBody mass index (BMI) ≥30kg/m2.
  3. cBMI ≥25kg/m2.