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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics, employment status, income generation and arrest history of sample, by sex

From: Exploring sex differences in drug use, health and service use characteristics among young urban crack users in Brazil

  Men (n = 124) mean (SD) Women (n = 35) mean (SD) Test statistic t P-value
Age 20.7(2.1) 21.6(2.2) 2.174*  
  N (%) N (%) χ 2  
Race    0.3905 0.532
White 11 (9.0) 2 (5.7)   
Non-White/Other 111 (91.0) 33 (94.3)   
Marital Status    0.6712 0.413
Single/separ/div/widow 100 (80.6) 26 (74.3)   
Married or cohabitating 24 (19.4) 9 (25.7)   
Education a    0.1736 0.677
Some elementary school or less 102 (82.3) 29 (85.3)   
Completed elementary school or higher 22 (17.7) 5 (14.7)   
Housing statusa[[30]]    13.2492* 0.000
Stable housing 71 (57.7) 8 (22.9)   
Unstable housing or homeless 52 (42.3) 27 (77.1)   
Income sources [[30]]     
Formal or informal transfers (e.g., social assistance, money from family/friends) 35 (28.2) 10 (28.6) 0.0016 0.968
Paid employment/work 82 (66.1) 6 (17.1) 26.503*** 0.000
Illegal activities (including drug-related work) 25 (20.2) 4 (11.4) 1.396 0.237
Sex work 3 (2.4) 16 (45.7) 48.627*** 0.000
Begging/panhandling 19 (15.3) 14 (40.0) 10.107*** 0.001
Arrest history     
Detained by police (past year) 56 (45.2) 11 (31.4) 2.111 0.146
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.
  2. aSubjects with missing data not included. [30]: in the last 30 days.