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Table 6 Determinants of medical impoverishment with and without the schemes (N = 3333)

From: The influence of the rural health security schemes on health utilization and household impoverishment in rural China: data from a household survey of western and central China

Variables Impoverishment before reimbursement Escaping impoverishment after reimbursement
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Household per capita expenditure (Quintiles)   
Lowest 339.13 (128.52, 894.89) 0.00 (0, 0.02)
2nd 26.9 (10.51, 68.83) 0.04 (0, 0.35)
3rd 5.07 (1.87, 13.72) 0.16 (0.02, 1.76)
4th 4.12 (1.51, 11.24) 0.94 (0.09, 9.36)
Highest 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
Household chronic disease proportion    
0 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
≤0.5 4.28 (2.83, 6.47) 0.12 (0.02, 0.67)
>0.5 16.84 (10.30, 27.54) 0.04 (0.01, 0.25)
Education level of household head    
   None 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
   Primary school 0.62 (0.41, 0.94) 3.37 (0.78, 14.55)
   Junior high school 0.46 (0.28, 0.74) 1.71 (0.26, 11.4)
   Senior high school or above 0.38 (0.16, 0.88) 45.1 (2.37, 860.2)
Age of household head     
   <65 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
   ≥65 2.11 (1.34, 3.32) 0.49 (0.11, 2.16)
Occupation of household head     
   Farmer 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
   Non-Farmer 1.25 (0.62, 2.52) 1.49 (0.28, 7.96)
   Unemployed 1.96 (1.09, 3.52) 0.48 (0.04, 5.78)
Duration of NRCMS and MFA implementation   
   <3 years 1 Reference 1.00 Reference
   ≥3 years 1.54 (1.11, 2.15) 1.39 (0.45, 4.29)
  1. Note: †: significant at 5% ‡: significant at 1%