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Table 2 Number of women who use non-prescribed medicine(n), prevalence of non-prescribed medicine use in % and bivariate and multivariate association between non-prescribed medicine use during the preceding 15 days and independent variables in women, by perceived health status.

From: Social determinants of prescribed and non-prescribed medicine use

  Good perceived health status Poor perceived health status
Variables n Prev. Bivar
OR
Mvar OR 95% CI n Prev. Bivar OR Mvar
OR
95% CI
Age           
   15-34 242 41.8 1 1   14 31.7 1 1  
   35-54 232 40.6 0.95 1.07 0.81-1.41 28 21.7 0.61 0.61 0.24-1.53
   55-64 47 27.0 *0.51 0.58 0.38-0.90 26 20.8 0.57 0.65 0.24-1.72
   > = 65 51 20.4 *0.35 0.54 0.31-0.95 60 16.7 *0.43 0.58 0.20-1.64
   Total 572 36.3     128 19.5    
Social class           
   I-II 147 39.4 1 1   7 13.5 1 1  
   III 177 33.4 *0.77 0.82 0.61-1.10 22 17.3 *1.34 1.56 0.58-4.16
   IV-V 236 38.7 0.97 1.00 0.75-1.34 86 21.4 *1.74 2.14 0.85-5.36
Employment status           
   Salaried employees 297 34.8 1 1   38 21.2 1 1  
   Housewifes 113 38.1 *1.15 0.97 0.70-1.34 53 14.6 *0.63 0.49 0.26-0.93
   Unemployed women 35 46.0 *1.59 0.97 0.61-1.53 5 35.3 *2.02 0.95 0.31-2.93
   Retired women 29 20.8 *0.49 0.66 0.35-1.25 26 9.6 *0.39 0.45 0.20-1.01
   Students 97 40.6 *1.28 1.37 0.96-1.96 4 15.9 0.71 0.72 0.16-3.19
Type of PHC           
   PCR 1984-93 101 39.7 1 1   28 14.1 1 1  
   PCR 1994-98 118 32.9 *0.74 0.79 0.56-1.11 33 17.9 *1.33 1.58 0.84-2.96
   No PCR 155 36.9 *0.88 0.88 0.64-1.23 50 20.8 *1.61 1.49 0.84-2.65
   Mutual or private 107 35.1 *0.82 0.91 0.62-1.31 11 18.1 *1.35 1.32 0.56-3.07
   No usual PHC 86 43.7 *1.17 1.24 0.83-1.85 7 25.4 *2.08 3.00 1.05-8.55
  1. Barcelona Health Interview Survey, 2000.
  2. PHC indicates primary health care; n, number of cases; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval; Bivar OR, bivariate odds ratio; Mvar OR, multivariate odds ratio; PCR, primary care reform.
  3. * p value < 0.05