Skip to main content

Table 3 Number of smokers and non-smokers (n) and smoking prevalence (%) (males)

From: Changes in smoking prevalence among first- and second-generation Turkish migrants in Germany – an analysis of the 2005 Microcensus

  Age in years 1st generation (total) 2nd generation native-born Germans p-values1 1st generation by duration of residence
          0–15 16–31 ≥ 32 p-values2
   n % n % n %   n % n % n %  
High level of education                
  18–24 38 42.1 141 27.7 10202 35.3 0.11 19 31.6 14 42.9 - - 0.51
  25–44 418 51.2 192 44.8 31412 35.4 <0.01 184 53.3 140 50.7 51 47.1 0.72
  45–64 135 39.3 -* -* 24871 28.5 0.02 6 50.0 56 41.1 58 41.4 0.91
  65+ 20 20.0 0 0.0 10043 10.6 0.18 0 0.0 0 0.0 17 23.5 -
  total 611 47.0 335 37.6 76528 29.9 <0.01 209 51.2 210 47.6 126 41.3 0.21
Low level of education                
  18–24 90 40.0 207 46.4 3807 60.4 <0.01 51 39.2 31 35.5 - - 0.74
  25–44 1202 58.9 270 64.8 13516 50.9 <0.01 378 60.8 576 57.5 110 64.5 0.30
  45–64 667 44.4 12 41.7 22689 35.4 <0.01 39 46.2 154 50.0 393 43.8 0.42
  65+ 192 24.0 -* -* 23783 14.1 <0.01 -* -* 15 26.7 149 20.8 0.15
  total 2151 50.5 493 56.2 63795 32.2 <0.01 471 57.3 776 54.5 652 42.0 <0.01
  1. -* = number smaller than 5
  2. 1p-values are the results of chi-square testing for differences between 1st (total), 2nd generation Turkish migrants, and native-born Germans
  3. 2p-values are the results of chi-square testing for differences between first-generation migrants with different durations of residence