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Table 3 Antibiotic use in relation to self reported symptoms and wealth quarters

From: Access to health care in relation to socioeconomic status in the Amazonian area of Peru

  Use of antibiotics
Illness Q1
% using antibiotics (total no children with illness)
Q2
% using antibiotics (total no children with illness)
OR Q3
% using antibiotics (total no children with illness)
OR Q4
% using antibiotics (total no children with illness)
OR
Cough/cold 16% (99) 30% (116) 1.85 39% (128) 2.17* 34% (104) 2.29*
Pneumonia 64% (12) 63%(11) 0.93 56% (16) 0.71 53% (14) 0.63
Cough/cold + diarrhoea 38% (62) 62% (46) 2.64* 47% (37) 1.41 52% (30) 1.73
Pneumonia and/or dysentery 16% (18) 80% (13) 21.33* 70% (9) 12.44* 80% (10) 21.33*
Diarrhoea 35% (18) 43% (22) 1.39 -(10) - 39% (15) 0.93
Total 209 208   200   173  
  1. Self reported symptoms were classified as illnesses based on principals from IMCI. Wealth quartiles were defined by principal component analysis (PCA). Quartile 1 (Q1) represents the poorest quartile of the study sample (the relatively poorest of the caregivers), quartile 2 (Q2) the second poorest, quartile 3 (Q3) the second least poor quartile and quarter 4 (Q4) the least poor quartile. Amount of children treated with antibiotics, including through self medication, showed in percentage, total number of children shown in parentheses. OR = Odds ratio showing each wealth quarter as compared to quarter 1. * = p < 0.05