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Table 1 Cohort characteristics by low, medium and high caring for country scores.

From: Development and preliminary validation of the 'Caring for Country' questionnaire: measurement of an Indigenous Australian health determinant

  Low (score: 6–12) Medium (score: 13–18) High (score: 19–24)
  Mean Sx Mean Sx Mean Sx
Number of participants 122 N/a 105 N/a 74 N/a
   % Male 61% N/a 58% N/a 57% N/a
   Age in years 29.27 10.50 30.84^ 10.05 33.79 9.21
Socio-demographics       
   % Resident in homelands 2.5%^^^ N/a 38.1%^^^ N/a 79.7% N/a
   Mean income level 1 1.50^^^ .52 1.90 .38 1.92 .27
   Mean education level 2 3.03 1.05 2.89 .89 2.67 .83
Health behaviours       
   % Smoker 70% N/a 75% N/a 74% N/a
   % Drinks alcohol 30.3% N/a 37%^ N/a 20.3% N/a
   Physical activity 3 2.84^ .92 3.08^^^ .84 3.5 .61
   Takeaway 4 2.26 *** .66 1.97 .57 1.91 .52
   Store Fruit 4 2.40 .74 2.51* .78 2.25 .54
   Store Vegetable 4 2.37 .71 2.57** .77 2.25 .58
   Bush meat 4 3.1^^^ .76 3.52^^^ .74 3.86 .37
   Bush fruit and vegetable 4 2.71^^^ .92 3.27^^ .86 3.61 .64
Health outcome       
   Body Mass Index 23.57 6.30 22.86 5.11 22.01 4.86
  1. Notes: 1: 1 = lowest income, 2 = medium income, 3 = highest income
  2. 2: 1 = no formal education, 2 = primary school, 3 = lower secondary, 4 = year ten, 5 = year twelve, 6 = post school qualification
  3. 3: 1 = none, 2 = one or
  4. two times a week, 3 = three or four time a week, 4 = more than four times a week 4: 1 = never, 2 = sometimes, 3 = most days, 4 = every day
  5. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001: score is significantly higher than that of the next group
  6. ^p < .05, ^^p < .01, ^^^p < .001: score is significantly lower than that of the next group