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Table 1 Total cost (in Kwacha) for a TB diagnosis in urban Malawi

From: The Malawi National Tuberculosis Programme: an equity analysis

  All patients (urban) Poor patients Non-poor patients
Number of respondents (% Total) 179 128 (72%) 51 (28%)
Total direct costs (MK) 942 798 1293
Total opportunity costs (MK) 1197 351 2170
Total costs (MK) 2139 1149 3463
Total costs as percentage of monthly income 134% 248% 124%
Total costs as percentage of monthly income after food expenditure 206% 584% 176%
  1. US$1 = 75.7 Malawi Kwacha
  2. Source: Kemp J.R, Mann G, Nhlema Simwaka B, Salaniponi FML, Squire S.B, Can Malawi's poor afford free TB services? Patient and household level costs associated with a TB diagnosis in Lilongwe. 2007. Bulletin of the World Health Organisation 85(8)