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Table 4 Factors associated with intra-urban inequities in child malnutrition in 15 selected countries

From: Child health inequities in developing countries: differences across urban and rural areas

  Intra-urban inequities
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
Central & Western Africa
   1. Burkina Faso -0.824 *** -0.771 ** -0.466 -0.431 -0.597 *
   2. Cameroon -0.963 *** -0.841 *** -0.820 *** -0.798 *** -0.643 **
   3. Chad -0.399 ** -0.332 * -0.216 -0.207 -0.447 **
   4. Côte d'Ivoire -0.884 *** -0.620 ** -0.856 *** -0.636 ** -0.707 **
   5. Ghana -0.655 ** -0.544 -0.560 * -0.522 -0.605 *
   6. Nigeria -1.117 *** -0.672 *** -0.634 ** -0.356 -0.351
   7. Togo -0.809 *** -0.624 ** -0.624 ** -0.502 * -0.441
Eastern & Southern Africa
   8. Kenya -1.219 *** -1.125 *** -0.936 *** -0.883 *** -0.951 ***
   9. Madagascar -0.767 *** -0.912 *** -0.555 ** -0.709 ** -0.823 **
   10. Malawi -0.842 *** -0.780 *** -0.644 *** -0.615 *** -0.721 ***
   11. Mozambique -1.336 *** -1.227 *** -1.185 *** -1.007 ** -0.986 **
   12. Tanzania -1.248 *** -1.204 *** -1.061 *** -1.052 *** -0.808 **
   13. Uganda -1.099 *** -0.937 *** -0.994 *** -0.874 *** -0.888 ***
   14. Zambia -0.312 -0.175 -0.210 -0.111 0.013
   15. Zimbabwe -0.716 ** -0.715 ** -0.622 * -0.647 * -0.764 **
  1. Note: Coefficients of the uppermost category of household wealth are used as a measure of socioeconomic inequalities.
  2. Model 1 is the baseline model; Model 2 adds community SES to Model 1; Model 3 adds mother's and father's education to Model 1; Model 4 adds community SES and mother's and father's education to Model 1; Model 5 adds bio-demographic control variables to Model 4.
  3. *p < 0.10; **p < 0.05; ***p < 0.01.