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Table 1 Frequency distribution, unadjusted and conditional multiple logistic regressions of stunting with socio-economic predictors (coefficients are expressed as odds ratios and p-values for the test of trend are indicated)

From: Mothers' education but not fathers' education, household assets or land ownership is the best predictor of child health inequalities in rural Uganda

Variables Total Stunted b Unadjusted Adjusted
  na (%) n (%) OR 95%CI OR 95%CI
Child age in months
   18–23 150 (22) 61 (41) 5.2 2.9–9.3*** 5.1 2.6–9.8***
   12–17 189 (27) 56 (30) 3.2 1.8–5.7*** 3.0 1.6–5.8**
   6–11 195 (28) 36 (19) 1.7             0.9–3.1 1.8 0.9–3.5
   0–5 164 (23) 19 (12) 1.0   1.0  
p-value for trend test    <0.001   <0.001  
Child sex is male 354 (49) 105 (31) 1.9 1.3–2.7*** 2.0 1.3–3.0**
Mother's education
   None 148 (21) 45 (31) 2.5 1.4–4.4** 2.1 1.1–3.9*
   Stopped in primary 282 (40) 80 (30) 2.3 1.4–3.9** 2.1 1.2–3.8*
   Completed primary 131 (18) 22 (18) 1.2              0.6–2.2 1.0 0.5–2.0
   Above primary 152 (21) 23 (15) 1.0   1.0  
   p-value for trend test    <0.001   0.03  
Father's education
   None           59 (9) 17 (30) 1.7 0.8–3.5   
   Stopped in primary 179 (29) 47 (27) 1.5 0.9–2.6   
   Completed primary 151 (24) 36 (24) 1.3 0.8–2.3   
   Stopped in secondary 95 (15) 17 (18) 0.9 0.5–1.8   
   Secondary 4 or above 142 (23) 27 (20) 1.0    
   p-value for trend test    0.03    
Household wealth index
   1st quintile (Poorest) 139 (20) 38 (29) 2.1 1.2–3.7**   
   2nd quintile 140 (20) 36 (26) 1.7 0.9–2.9   
   3rd quintile 150 (21) 33 (24) 1.3 0.8–2.5   
   4th quintile 140 (20) 36 (26) 1.1 0.6–2.0   
   5th quintile (Least poor) 140 (20) 23 (17) 1.0    
   p-value for trend test    0.01    
Land ownership
   None           73 (10) 16 (22) 0.9 0.5 – 1.8   
   1 acre or less 179 (25) 39 (23) 0.9 0.6 – 1.6   
   2 acres 167 (24) 44 (28) 1.2 0.7 – 2.1   
   3 or 4 acres 152 (22) 37 (25) 1.0 0.6 – 1.8   
   5 acres or more 135 (19) 32 (24) 1.0    
   p-value for trend test    0.78    
Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit
chi-square p-value      0.90  
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001
  2. aTotals for some categories do not add up to 720 because of missing values
  3. bBelow -2 SD height-for-age of the NCHS/WHO reference