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Table 3 Drug use risk behaviors by primary income source

From: Primary source of income is associated with differences in HIV risk behaviors in street-recruited samples

Income source Legal Welfare Sex exchange Drugs/theft
Risk behavior     
Total ever used drugs* 44.7% 54.6% 70.6% 72.4%
African American 35.1% 63.0% 76.7% 86.2%
Hispanic 49.2% 56.4% 67.0% 64.9%
Asian 50.2% 26.7% 60.7% 66.7%
White 54.5% 55.2% 71.7% 69.7%
How took drugs**     
Total inject a 21.9% 55.0% 62.1% 64.0%
African American 13.0% 56.4% 80.3% 86.2%
Hispanic 42.2% 55.6% 50.5% 38.9%
Asian 4.7% 33.3% 23.8% 60.0%
White 70.0% 56.0% 66.9% 73.3%
Total snort a 18.1% 22.5% 20.7% 17.0%
African American 13.0% 18.2% 14.5% 3.4%
Hispanic 22.5% 24.1% 30.7% 27.8%
Asian 20.3% 44.4% 23.8% 0.0%
White 5.0% 22.0% 15.7% 20.0%
Total smoke a 45.6% 18.9% 14.4% 16.0%
African American 68.5% 23.6% 5.3% 10.3%
Hispanic 27.5% 18.5% 14.9% 27.8%
Asian 47.6% 0.0% 38.1% 20.0%
White 20.0% 18.0% 15.7% 6.7%
Total take pills a 14.3% 3.6% 2.8% 3.0%
African American 5.4% 1.8% 0.0% 0.0%
Hispanic 7.8% 1.9% 4.0% 5.6%
Asian 27.3% 22.2% 14.3% 20.0%
White 5.0% 4.0% 1.7% 0.0%
Total if injected, shared*** a 23.2% 43.0% 58.6% 56.6%
African American 15.6% 41.9% 72.1% 80.0%
Hispanic 32.9% 41.7% 60.2% 34.1%
Asian 20.6% 53.8% 26.9% 50.0%
White 33.3% 42.9% 55.0% 63.9%
Total used drugs today**** 19.2% 32.8% 40.9% 45.1%
African American 19.4% 33.3% 44.9% 41.4%
Hispanic 30.3% 33.3% 46.3% 48.6%
Asian 7.7% 12.5% 33.3% 16.7%
White 30.0% 35.3% 35.4% 50.0%
  1. 2 = 79.9, df = 3, p < .001 **χ2 = 181.9, df = 9, p < .001 ***χ2 = 128.1, df = 3, p < .001 ****χ2 = 174.4, df = 12, p < .001 (not all data shown in table) aPercentages for race/ethnicity breakdowns frequently based on small cell sizes (≤5)