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Table 3 Prevalence, prevalence difference and prevalence ratios (95% confidence intervals) of preventive care activities in the last year by per capita income, SGSSS insurance scheme and private health plan, in the study areas of Colombia and Brazil (2011)

From: Inequities in access to health care in different health systems: a study in municipalities of central Colombia and north-eastern Brazil

  Colombia Brazil
  n Prev PD PR (CI 95%)a n Prev PD PR (CI 95%)a
Glycemic control (adults)         
Per capita income         
   < 1/2 MW 441 49.8   1 427 52.6   1
   1/2 - 1 MW 275 47.5 -2.3 0.97 (0.87 - 1.08) 346 58.8 6.2 1.11 (1.01 - 1.21)
   > 1 MW 230 57.6 7.8 1.09 (0.98 - 1.22) 160 58.8 6.2 1.11 (0.98 - 1.26)
SGSSS scheme         
   Contributory + special 626 56.6   1     
   Subsidized 223 47.8 -8.8 0.83 (0.75 - 0.93)     
   Uninsured 54 28.3 -28.3 0.59 (0.47 - 0.75)     
Private Health Plan         
   No 890 50.9   1 726 53.6   1
   Yes 19 54.3 3.4 0.98 (0.73 - 1.33) 207 65.1 11.5 1.26 (1.14 - 1.40)
Caries prevention (adults)        
Per capita income         
   < 1/2 MW 308 34.8   1 123 15.2   1
   1/2 - 1 MW 232 40.1 5.3 1.13 (0.98 - 1.30) 129 21.9 6.7 1.34 (1.07 - 1.67)
   > 1 MW 162 40.6 5.8 1.12 (0.94 - 1.32) 81 29.8 14.6 1.41 (1.08 - 1.84)
SGSSS scheme         
   Contributory + special 437 39.5   1     
   Subsidized 172 36.8 -2.7 0.95 (0.81 - 1.11)     
   Uninsured 59 30.9 -8.6 0.75 (0.60 - 0.94)     
Private Health Plan         
   No 658 37.6   1 218 16.1   1
   Yes 15 42.9 5.3 1.15 (0.80 - 1.65) 115 36.2 20.1 1.86 (1.52 - 2.28)
Breast cancer prevention (women)       
Per capita income         
   < 1/2 MW 144 21.9   1 168 26.3   1
   1/2 - 1 MW 120 30.0 8.1 1.27 (1.04 - 1.57) 128 27.9 1.6 1.10 (0.90 - 1.33)
   > 1 MW 96 37.2 15.3 1.37 (1.10 - 1.71) 69 37.3 11.0 1.47 (1.14 - 1.90)
SGSSS scheme         
   Contributory + special 261 34.7   1     
   Subsidized 63 17.8 -16.9 0.59 (0.46 - 0.76)     
   Uninsured 15 11.0 -23.7 0.43 (0.27 - 0.70)     
Private Health Plan         
   No 344 27.8   1 276 26.5   1
   Yes 9 36.0 8.2 0.99 (0.58 - 1.67) 89 36.8 10.3 1.38 (1.11 - 1.70)
  1. Prev, Prevalence; PD, Prevalence Difference; PR, Prevalence ratio; CI, Confidence Interval; MW, minimum wage; SGSSS, General System of Social Security in Health.
  2. aPrevalence Ratio and 95% confidence interval adjusted for sex, age, race/color, chronic condition, self-rated health status.
  3. Statistically significant results are shown in bold.