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Table 7 Univariate analysis (unadjusted results) of Resource Utilisation Bands at age 15 by socio-economic position variables

From: Socio-economic position and childhood multimorbidity: a study using linkage between the Avon Longitudinal study of parents and children and the general practice research database

Socio-economic marker Resource Utilisation Band at age 15 (% within SEP category)  
Non-user Healthy user Low or moderate morbidity χ2; p-value
Mother’s education O level or lower 28 (20.3%) 56 (40.6%) 54 (39.1%) χ22 = 5.4; p = 0.07
A level or degree 7 (9.3%) 29 (38.7%) 39 (52.0%)
Father’s education O level or lower 17 (15.6%) 47 (43.1%) 45 (41.3%) χ22 = 1.0; p = 0.6
A level or degree 18 (17.3%) 38 (36.5%) 48 (46.2%)
Family social class I, II, III non-manual 16 (13.6%) 46 (39.0%) 56 (47.5%) χ22 = 2.3; p = 0.3
III manual, IV V 19 (20.0%) 39 (41.1%) 37 (39.0%)
Housing tenure (in pregnancy) Owned/mortgaged 27 (16.5%) 67 (40.9%) 70 (42.7%) χ22 = 0.3; p = 0.9
Other 8 (16.3%) 18 (36.7%) 23 (46.9%)
Family adversity index 0 16 (18.8%) 32 (37.7%) 37 (43.5%) χ62 = 3.2; p = 0.8
1 10 (14.9%) 27 (40.3%) 30 (44.8%)
2 7 (18.9%) 17 (46.0%) 13 (35.1%)  
≥3 2 (8.3%) 9 (37.5%) 13 (54.2%)  
Townsend score (quintile) 1st (least deprived) 10 (15.4%) 26 (40.0%) 29 (44.6%) χ62 = 2.8; p = 0.8
2 9 (21.4%) 19 (45.2%) 14 (33.3%)
3 8 (16.7%) 17 (35.4%) 23 (47.9%)
4th and 5th (most deprived)1 8 (13.8%) 23 (39.7%) 27 (46.6%)
  1. Groups combined as numbers small.