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Table 5 Univariate analysis (unadjusted results) of Resource Utilisation Bands at age 5 by socio-economic position variables

From: Socio-economic position and childhood multimorbidity: a study using linkage between the Avon Longitudinal study of parents and children and the general practice research database

Socio-economic marker Resource Utilisation Band at age 5 (% within SEP category)  
Non-user Healthy user Low or moderate morbidity χ2; p-value
Mother’s education O level or lower 24 (22.0%) 32 (29.4%) 53 (48.6%) χ22 = 2.9; p = 0.2
A level or degree 14 (35.9%) 9 (23.1%) 16 (41.0%)
Father’s education O level or lower 20 (26.0%) 23 (29.9%) 34 (44.2%) χ22 = 0.5; p = 0.8
A level or degree 18 (25.4%) 18 (25.4%) 35 (49.3%)
Family social class I, II, III non-manual 23 (31.1%) 20 (27.0%) 31 (41.9%) χ22 = 2.4; p = 0.3
III manual, IV V 15 (20.3%) 21 (28.4%) 38 (51.4%)
Housing tenure (in pregnancy) Owned/mortgaged 27 (22.5%) 38 (31.7%) 55 (45.8%) χ22 = 6.2; p = 0.05
Other 11 (39.3%) 3 (10.7%) 14 (50.0%)
Family adversity index 0 18 (28.1%) 19 (29.7%) 27 (42.2%) χ62 = 9.8; p = 0.1
1 11 (26.2%) 6 (14.3%) 25 (59.5%)
2 4 (19.1%) 6 (28.6%) 11 (52.4%)
≥3 5 (23.8%) 10 (47.6%) 6 (28.6%)
Townsend score (quintile) 1st (least deprived) 9 (18.0%) 16 (32.0%) 25 (50.0%) χ62 = 4.2; p = 0.6
2 11 (37.9%) 6 (20.7%) 12 (41.4%)
3 8 (28.6%) 8 (28.6%) 12 (42.9%)
4th or 5th (most deprived)1 10 (24.4%) 11 (26.8%) 20 (48.8%)
  1. 1. Groups combined as numbers small.