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Table 4 Longitudinal estimates (S1-S6)1of general health and mental health by SES, high/mid/low categories, 194651 ALSWH2cohort

From: The impact of socioeconomic status on changes in the general and mental health of women over time: evidence from a longitudinal study of Australian women

  General health3estimate model 3 P-value Mental health4estimate model 4 P-value
Intercept 82.7605 <.0001 78.4172 <.0001
SES Groups     
Low Reference   Reference  
Mid 2.1192 <.0001 1.9351 <.0001
High 1.3834 0.0013 1.7907 <.0001
Time (years since Survey 1) 0.3427 <.0001 0.1128 <.0001
Age −0.1718 0.0963 0.3719 <.0001
Interaction: SES*Time     
Low SES*Time Reference   Reference  
Mid SES*Time   0.0553 0.0635   0.0542 0.0468
High SES*Time 0.2185 <.0001 0.1805 <.0001
Body mass index     
Normal Reference   Reference  
Underweight 3.4047 0.0044 −1.1942 0.2200
Overweight 3.3426 <.0001 −0.3256 0.2637
Obese 9.6763 <.0001 1.5703 <.0001
Marital status     
Married/De-facto Reference   Reference  
Divorced/Separated 0.8448 0.0492 −0.6304 0.0713
Smoking status     
Non-smoker Reference   Reference  
Ex-smoker   0.2893 0.4135 −0.6156 .0322
Smoker 5.1002 <.0001 2.0835 <.0001
Area of residence     
Urban Reference   Reference  
Rural 1.2038 0.0002 1.9726 <.0001
Able to manage on income     
Easy Reference   Reference  
Difficult sometimes 3.0150 <.0001 2.0835 <.0001
Not too bad 6.1416 <.0001 4.9092 <.0001
Impossible/Difficult always 11.4870 <.0001 10.3650 <.0001
Stress     
Major life experiences 24.0024 <.0001 30.0025 <.0001
  1. 1 Survey 1 to Survey 6.
  2. 2 Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health.
  3. 3 General health SF-36 subscale.
  4. 4 Mental health SF-36 subscale.
  5. Estimates in bold type significant p< 0.05.
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