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Table 2 Prevalence of underweight, stunting, and wasting in indigenous children < 60 months, by socioeconomic variables, First National Survey of Indigenous People’s Health and Nutrition, Brazil, 2008-2009

From: Nutritional status of indigenous children: findings from the First National Survey of Indigenous People’s Health and Nutrition in Brazil

  N Underweight Stunting Wasting
Prevalence PR Prevalence PR Prevalence PR
(%) (CI 95%) (%) (CI 95%) (%) (CI 95%)
Household goods index    p < 0.001 **   p < 0.001 **   p = 0.25 **
  1st tertile 2361 8.8 2.50 35.6 2.30 1.7 1.46
(1.68-3.73) (1.78-2.96) (0.78-2.72)
  2nd tertile 2123 5.2 1.46 25.3 1.64 1.0 0.87
(1.12-1.89) (1.36-1.97) (0.43-1.76)
  3rd tertile 1571 3.5 1.00 15.5 1.00 1.2 1.00
(reference) (reference) (reference)
Regular income    p = 0.02 *   p = 0.003 *   p = 0.67 *
  No 3535 6.5 1.33 27.9 1.23 1.3 1.10
(1.04-1.69) (1.07-1.42) (0.70-1.74)
  Yes 2504 4.9 1.00 22.7 1.00 1.2 1.00
(reference) (reference) (reference)
Maternal schooling    p < 0.001 **   p < 0.001 **   p = 0.30 **
  0 years 1058 10.5 3.68 39.9 4.22 1.9 1.19
(1.92-7.06) (2.96-6.01) (0.48-2.91)
  1-4 years 2634 6.7 2.33 29.9 3.16 1.3 0.79
(1.43-3.82) (2.33-4.27) (0.40-1.57)
  5-9 years 1521 3.3 1.16 18.1 1.92 0.8 0.50
(0.69-1.95) (1.49-2.46) (0.17-1.44)
  ≥ 10 years 783 2.9 1.00 9.5 1.00 1.6 1.00
(reference) (reference) (reference)
  1. PR, Prevalence ratio.
  2. CI, Confidence interval.
  3. Maximum N for each category, which may vary between variables due to missing data.
  4. * χ2 test of heterogeneity.
  5. ** χ2 test for linear trend.