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Table 1 Prevalence rates of underweight, stunting, and wasting in indigenous children < 60 months by region, sex, and age, First National Survey of Indigenous People’s Health and Nutrition, Brazil, 2008-2009

From: Nutritional status of indigenous children: findings from the First National Survey of Indigenous People’s Health and Nutrition in Brazil

  N Underweight Stunting Wasting
Prevalence PR Prevalence PR Prevalence PR
(%) (CI 95%) (%) (CI 95%) (%) (CI 95%)
Region    p < 0.001 *   p < 0.001 *   p = 0.22 *
  North 2558 11.4 2.87 40.8 1.83 1.7 1.50
(1.61-5.11) (1.21-2.77) (0.61-3.68)
  Central-West 1283 5.0 1.26 27.6 1.24 0.9 0.80
(0.69-2.31) 13 (0.77-1.97) 1. (0.29-2.20)
  Northeast 1339 4.1 1.02 0.62 1.17
(0.58-1.81) .9 (0.38-1.01) 4 (0.43-3.23)
  Southeast/South 875 4.0 1.00 22.3 1.00 1.2 1.00
(reference) (reference)   (reference)
Sex    p = 0.04 *   p = 0.03 *   p = 0.17 *
  Male 3104 6.5 1.00 27.0 1.00 1.5 1.00
(reference) (reference) (reference)
  Female 2951 5.3 0.81 24.3 0.90 1.1 0.70
(0.66-0.99) (0.82-0.99) (0.44-1.12)
Child’s age (months)    p = 0.06 **   p < 0.001 **   p < 0.001 **
  0 – 5 644 4.0 1.00 9.2 1.00 2.7 1.00
(reference) (reference) (reference)
  6 – 11 675 7.3 1.83 14.9 1.63 2.6 0.96
(1.03-3.26) (1.15-2.31) (0.45-2.05)
  12 – 23 1201 7.5 1.88 31.5 3.43 2.0 0.73
(1.11-3.16) (2.58-4.57) (0.35-1.52)
  24 – 35 1175 6.1 1.52 32.7 3.57 0.4 0.16
(0.88-2.63)   (2.62-4.85)   (0.05-0.46)
  36 – 47 1243 5.1 1.27 28.3 3.09 0.7 0.24
(0.70-2.30) (2.24-4.27) (0.08-0.72)
  48 – 59 1117 5.1 1.28 25.2 2.75 0.6 0.22
(0.77-2.15) (1.94-3.91) (0.08-0.61)
  1. PR, Prevalence ratio.
  2. CI, Confidence interval.
  3. Maximum N for each category, which may vary between variables due to missing data.
  4. * χ2 test of heterogeneity.
  5. ** χ2 test for linear trend.