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Table 3 Diagnosis during hospital admission in female and male leprosy patients

From: Gender differential on characteristics and outcome of leprosy patients admitted to a long-term care rural hospital in South-Eastern Ethiopia

   Total Male Female Chi- square value P value
  M:2; F:6 N % N % N %   
Infected skin ulcer   467 56.2 326 60.5 141 48.3 11.52 0.001
Reversal reaction   80 9.6 48 8.9 32 10.9 0.80 0.40
Neuritis   72 8.7 49 9.1 23 7.9 0.30 0.64
Osteomyelitis   68 8.2 47 8.7 21 7.2 0.10 0.81
ENL   46 5.5 29 5.4 17 5.8 0.03 0.91
LRTI   31 5.7 17 3.1 14 4.8 0.50 0.32
Cellulitis   16 1.9 9 1.7 7 2.4 0.30 0.64
Diabetes mellitus   13 1.6 9 1.7 4 1.4 0.04 0.97
Cardiovascular diseases   13 1.6 3 0.6 10 3.4 9.92 0.004
Gastroenteritis   9 1.1 1 0.2 8 2.7 11.29 0.002
Accident   7 0.8 4 0.7 3 1.0 0.20 0.70
Chronic liver diseases   7 0.8 2 0.4 5 1.7 3.1 0.06
Tuberculosis   6 0.7 5 0.9 1 0.3 0.30 0.60
Arrhythmia   5 0.6 4 0.7 1 0.3 0.35 0.66
Eyes problems   5 0.6 1 0.2 4 1.4 3.3 0.05
Peptic ulcer   5 0.6 1 0.2 4 1.4 3.2 0.06
Intestinal parasites   5 0.6 3 0.6 2 0.7 0.01 0.99
Mental disorders   4 0.5 1 0.2 3 1.0 2.5 0.12
Neoplasm   3 0.4 3 0.6 0 0.0 0.5 0.31
Urinary tract infection   3 0.4 3 0.6 0 0.0 0.5 0.30
Others   12 1.4 7 1.3 5 1.7 - -
Total*   831 100 539 100 292 100 - -
  1. M: male; F: female; ENL: erythema nodosum leprosum; LRTI: lower respiratory tract infection.
  2. * Because each patient could have >1 diagnosis, the number of cases can be higher than the number of patients.