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Table 1 Knowledge regarding tuberculosis among respondents in the rural and urban areas of two districts of Pakistan's Punjab province (n = 1080)

From: Urban-rural inequities in knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding tuberculosis in two districts of Pakistan's Punjab province

Knowledge Urban
(n = 432)
Rural
(n = 648)
P value OR (95% CI)
  n (%) n (%)   
Symptoms     
   Cough that lasts longer than 3 weeks 231 (53.5) 234 (36.1) P < 0.001 2.03 (1.59-2.61)
   Coughing up blood 244 (56.5) 324 (50.0) P = 0.037 1.30 (1.02-1.66)
   Weight loss 248 (57.4) 246 (38.0) P < 0.001 2.20 (1.72-2.82)
   Fever 196 (45.4) 335 (51.7) P = 0.042 0.78 (0.61-0.99)
Transmission     
   Through the air when a patient coughs or sneezes 349 (80.8) 444 (68.5) P < 0.001 1.93 (1.44-2.59)
Prevention     
   Covering mouth and nose while coughing or sneezing 338 (78.2) 399 (61.6) P < 0.001 2.24 (1.70-2.96)
   By drugs (chemoprophylaxis/treatment of patient) 193 (44.7) 267 (41.2) P = 0.258 1.15 (0.90-1.47)
   By vaccination (BCG) 189 (43.8) 212 (32.7) P < 0.001 1.60 (1.24-2.06)
Treatment     
   Mode of treatment - specific drugs given by health center 362 (83.8) 526 (81.2) P = 0.269 1.20 (0.87-1.66)
   Place of treatment - government hospital or private clinic 427 (98.8) 629 (97.1) P = 0.053 2.58 (0.96-6.96)
   Duration of treatment - 6 to 9 months 299 (69.2) 356 (54.9) P < 0.001 1.84 (1.43-2.38)
   Cost of treatment - free of charge 208 (48.1) 319 (49.2) P = 0.728 0.96 (0.75-1.22)
   Knowledge about DOTS 130 (30.1) 121 (18.7) P < 0.001 1.88 (1.41-2.49)
  1. Note: The responses considered correct are in 'italics'