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Table 1 Summary statistics (community level)

From: Health status convergence at the local level: empirical evidence from Austria

Variable Mean Std. Dev. Min. Max.
SMR, overall 1069.264 159.124 533.007 2693.433
SMR, growth rate -32.594 8.321 -74.739 82.573
Male SMR 1392.273 192.674 501.927 2875.495
Male SMR, growth rate -32.276 8.697 -76.765 189.509
Female SMR 855.070 157.059 402.022 2508.721
Female SMR, growth rate -33.335 10.619 -92.913 80.362
Gender Mortality Gap 537.203 146.849 -1023.080 1814.17
Gender Mortality Gap, growth rate* -5.828 1069.361 -98.530 84084.672
Education, average 1.509 0.246 1.020 2.290
Social attachments 0.494 0.901 -1.217 3.415
Foreigners, share 2.828 2.566 0.000 33.202
Labor participation rate 41.740 3.280 26.700 62.300
Commuter ratio 9.850 9.910 0.000 138.001
  1. Notes: Means and standard deviations are weighted by population. All reported values correspond to the first period (1969-1984), while the socioeconomic variables are taken from the census 1971. Growth rates report the percentage change from period one (1969-84) to period two (1988-2004).
  2. *In the case of this variable, we excluded observations with negative values in one of the two periods. Thus, the reported values include only 2324 (out of 2381) communities.