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Table 2 Determinants of at least three antenatal care (ANC) visits during last pregnancy

From: Determinants of institutional delivery in rural Jhang, Pakistan

  Use of at least three ANC visits during last pregnancy
%
(1)
Unadjusted odds of at least three ANC visits
(2)
Adjusted odds of at least three ANC visits
(3)
Marginal effects
%
(4)
Maternal Factors     
Mother's Age     
   15-19 36.6 1.00 1.00  
   20-24 37.9 1.05 1.09  
   25-29 36.9 1.01 1.28  
   30 plus 27.0 0.64* 1.06  
Parity/Living children     
   1 41.8 1.00 1.00  
   2 38.2 0.86 0.89  
   3 39.8 0.92 0.95  
   4 27.5 0.53*** 0.58** -10.2
   5 26.9 0.51** 0.58* -10.1
   6 19.4 0.34*** 0.42** -15.3
   7 plus 18.3 0.31*** 0.44** -14.6
Mother's Education     
   None 26.0 1.00 1.00  
   Less than primary 39.9 1.86** 1.56* 9.2
   Primary complete 45.8 2.40*** 1.78*** 12.2
   Middle 47.3 2.56*** 1.63** 10.3
   Matriculate or higher 65.9 5.48*** 2.96*** 24.0
Household Factors     
Mother's Autonomy     
   Low 28.8 1.00 1.00  
   Medium 34.8 1.32* 1.25  
   High 39.5 1.61*** 1.59*** 9.5
Wealth Quintiles     
   Lowest/First 21.7 1.00 1.00  
   Second 29.9 1.54** 1.27  
   Middle 32.9 1.78*** 1.39* 6.7
   Fourth 37.4 2.15*** 1.47* 8.0
   Highest/Fifth 53.5 4.17*** 1.91*** 13.9
Program Factors     
Health worker visited during last 12 months     
   No 31.8 1.00 1.00  
   Yes 39.3 1.39** 1.23* 4.2
Travel time to nearest health facility     
   More than 15 minutes 30.4 1.00 1.00  
   15 minutes or less 38.8 1.45*** 1.26* 4.6
Mode of travel to nearest facility     
   Motorized 38.2 1.00 1.00  
   Foot 34.2 0.84 0.88  
   Other 24.6 0.53** 0.70  
Mass Media Exposure     
   Less than once a week 30.0 1.00 1.00  
   At least one a week 48.7 2.22*** 1.41** 7.2
Total 34.6 - - -
R-squared - - 9.16% -