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  1. Research

    Towards an equitable healthcare in China: evaluating the productive efficiency of community health centers in Jiangsu Province

    While the demand for the health service keeps escalating at the grass root or rural areas of China, a substantial portion of healthcare resources remains stagnant in the more developed cities and this has entr...

    Lulin Zhou, Xinglong Xu, Henry Asante Antwi and Linna Wang

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:89

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  2. Research

    From therapeutic to elective cesarean deliveries: factors associated with the increase in cesarean deliveries in Chiapas

    Cesarean deliveries have increased over the past decade in Mexico, including those states with high percentages of indigenous language speakers, e.g., Chiapas. However, the factors contributing to this trend a...

    María Graciela Freyermuth, José Alberto Muños and María del Pilar Ochoa

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:88

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  3. Research

    Extending access to essential services against constraints: the three-tier health service delivery system in rural China (1949–1980)

    China has made remarkable progress in scaling up essential services during the last six decades, making health care increasingly available in rural areas. This was partly achieved through the building of a thr...

    Xing Lin Feng, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez, Jun Zhong, Jin Xu, Beibei Yuan, Qingyue Meng and Dina Balabanova

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:49

    Published on: 23 May 2017

  4. Research

    Rural–urban difference in the use of annual physical examination among seniors in Shandong, China: a cross-sectional study

    Regular physical examination contributes to early detection and timely treatment, which is helpful in promoting healthy behaviors and preventing diseases. The objective of this study is to compare the annual p...

    Dandan Ge, Jie Chu, Chengchao Zhou, Yangyang Qian, Li Zhang and Long Sun

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:86

    Published on: 23 May 2017

  5. Research

    Assessing equity in the distribution of high-technology medical equipment in Guangxi: evidence from an ethnic minority region in Southern China

    High-technology medical equipment (HTME) are important health resources. However, there is unequal distribution of these equipment in favor of metropolis and well equipped health facilities. This study sought ...

    Jian Sun, Hai Gu, Qiulin Wen and Hongye Luo

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:81

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  6. Research

    Measurement and decomposition of socioeconomic inequality in single and multimorbidity in older adults in China and Ghana: results from the WHO study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE)

    Globally people are living longer and enduring non-communicable diseases (NCDs) many of which co-occur as multimorbidity. Demographic and socioeconomic factors are determinants of inequalities and inequities i...

    Rasha Kunna, Miguel San Sebastian and Jennifer Stewart Williams

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:79

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  7. Systematic review

    Organisational systems’ approaches to improving cultural competence in healthcare: a systematic scoping review of the literature

    Healthcare organisations serve clients from diverse Indigenous and other ethnic and racial groups on a daily basis, and require appropriate client-centred systems and services for provision of optimal healthca...

    Janya McCalman, Crystal Jongen and Roxanne Bainbridge

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:78

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  8. Research

    Gender difference in utilization willingness of institutional care among the single seniors: evidence from rural Shandong, China

    Institutional care has become an urgent issue in rural China. Rural single seniors, compared with their counterparts, have lower income and are more vulnerable. Gender is also a significant factor determining ...

    Yangyang Qian, Jie Chu, Dandan Ge, Li Zhang, Long Sun and Chengchao Zhou

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:77

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  9. Research

    Regional inequity in complete antenatal services and public emergency obstetric care is associated with greater burden of maternal deaths: analysis from consecutive district level facility survey of Karnataka, India

    This equity focused evaluation analyses change in inter-district inequity of maternal health services (MHS) in Karnataka state between 2006–07 & 2012–13, alongside association of MHS inequity with distribution...

    M. Himanshu and Carina Källestål

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:75

    Published on: 11 May 2017

  10. Research

    Free and universal, but unequal utilization of primary health care in the rural and urban areas of Mongolia

    The entire population of Mongolia has free access to primary health care, which is fully funded by the government. It is provided by family health centers in urban settings. In rural areas, it is included in o...

    Javkhlanbayar Dorjdagva, Enkhjargal Batbaatar, Mikael Svensson, Bayarsaikhan Dorjsuren, Burenjargal Batmunkh and Jussi Kauhanen

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:73

    Published on: 8 May 2017

  11. Systematic review

    Nutritional deficiencies in homeless persons with problematic drinking: a systematic review

    A significant proportion of homeless people drink alcohol excessively and this can lead to malnutrition and consequent medical problems. The aim of this review was to assess the evidence on the range of nutrit...

    Sharea Ijaz, Joni Jackson, Helen Thorley, Katie Porter, Clare Fleming, Alison Richards, Adrian Bonner and Jelena Savović

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:71

    Published on: 5 May 2017

  12. Research

    Current and future availability of and need for human resources for sexual, reproductive, maternal and newborn health in 41 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa

    The WHO African region, covering the majority of Sub-Saharan Africa, faces the highest rates of maternal and neonatal mortality in the world. This study uses data from the State of the World’s Midwifery 2014 s...

    Maria Guerra Arias, Andrea Nove, Michaela Michel-Schuldt and Luc de Bernis

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:69

    Published on: 3 May 2017

  13. Research

    Interplay wellbeing framework: a collaborative methodology ‘bringing together stories and numbers’ to quantify Aboriginal cultural values in remote Australia

    Wellbeing has been difficult to understand, measure and strengthen for Aboriginal people in remote Australia. Part of the challenge has been genuinely involving community members and incorporating their values...

    Sheree Cairney, Tammy Abbott, Stephen Quinn, Jessica Yamaguchi, Byron Wilson and John Wakerman

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:68

    Published on: 3 May 2017

  14. Research

    Inequalities in health care utilization for common childhood illnesses in Ethiopia: evidence from the 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey

    Globally, 5.9 million children under the age of five died in 2015. More than half and almost one-third of those deaths occurred in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, respectively. Diarrhea and Pneumonia, which...

    Asmamaw Atnafu Ayalneh, Dagnachew Muluye Fetene and Tae Jin Lee

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:67

    Published on: 21 April 2017

  15. Research

    Mainstreaming gender and promoting intersectionality in Papua New Guinea’s health policy: a triangulated analysis applying data-mining and content analytic techniques

    Gender mainstreaming is an approach to policy and planning that emphasizes equality between the sexes. It is the stated policy for gender equity in Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) health sector, as well as all other ...

    G. Lamprell and J. Braithwaite

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:65

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  16. Research

    Analysis of inequality in maternal and child health outcomes and mortality from 2000 to 2013 in China

    Inequality in maternal and child health seriously hinders the overall improvement of health, which is a concern in both the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Healthy China 2030. However, ...

    Yanting Li, Yimin Zhang, Shuai Fang, Shanshan Liu, Xinyu Liu, Ming Li, Hong Liang and Hua Fu

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:66

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  17. Research

    Influence maternal background has on children’s mental health

    In this paper, we aim to discern how a mother’s health and her socioeconomic determinants may influence her children’s mental health. In addition to this, we also evaluate the influence of other household char...

    Elena Arroyo-Borrell, Gemma Renart, Carme Saurina and Marc Saez

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:63

    Published on: 18 April 2017

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