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  1. Research

    Should co-payments for financially deprived patients be lowered? Primary care physicians’ perspectives using a mixed-methods approach in a survey study in Tokyo

    Japan’s stagnant economy has produced increasing income disparities, and the effect of poverty on health and health-care utilization is a significant issue. Co-payments could be a trade-off for patients when s...

    Machiko Inoue and Yuko Kachi

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:38

    Published on: 22 February 2017

  2. Commentary

    The right to health of non-nationals and displaced persons in the sustainable development goals era: challenges for equity in universal health care

    Under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), United Nations (UN) Member States reported progress on the targets toward their general citizenry. This focus repeatedly excluded marginalized ethnic and linguist...

    Claire E. Brolan, Lisa Forman, Stéphanie Dagron, Rachel Hammonds, Attiya Waris, Lyla Latif and Ana Lorena Ruano

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:14

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  3. Commentary

    Engaging with complexity to improve the health of indigenous people: a call for the use of systems thinking to tackle health inequity

    The 400 million indigenous people worldwide represent a wealth of linguistic and cultural diversity, as well as traditional knowledge and sustainable practices that are invaluable resources for human developme...

    Alison Hernández, Ana Lorena Ruano, Bruno Marchal, Miguel San Sebastián and Walter Flores

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:26

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  4. Editorial

    Looking forward to the next 15 years: innovation and new pathways for research in health equity

    Since our launch in 2002, the International Journal for Equity in Health (IJEqH) has furthered our collective understanding of equity in health and health services by providing a platform on which academics an...

    Ana Lorena Ruano, Efrat Shadmi, John Furler, Krishna Rao, Miguel San Sebastián, Manuela Villar Uribe and Leiyu Shi

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:35

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  5. Review

    Cooperate! A paradigm shift for health equity

    The role of competition and cooperation in relation to the goal of health equity is examined in this paper. The authors explain why the win-lose mentality associated with avoidable competition is ethically que...

    Wei-Ching Chang and Joy H. Fraser

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:12

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  6. Research

    Advancing system and policy changes for social and racial justice: comparing a Rural and Urban Community-Based Participatory Research Partnership in the U.S.

    The paper examines the role of community-based participatory research (CBPR) within the context of social justice literature and practice.

    Carlos Devia, Elizabeth A. Baker, Shannon Sanchez-Youngman, Ellen Barnidge, Maxine Golub, Freda Motton, Michael Muhammad, Charmaine Ruddock, Belinda Vicuña and Nina Wallerstein

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:17

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  7. Research

    Trends of relative and absolute socioeconomic equity in access to coronary revascularisations in 1995–2010 in Finland: a register study

    Resources for coronary revascularisations have increased substantially since the early 1990s in Finland. At the same time, ischaemic heart disease (IHD) mortality has decreased markedly. This study aims to exa...

    Sonja Lumme, Kristiina Manderbacka and Ilmo Keskimäki

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:37

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  8. Research

    Socioeconomic inequalities in dental health among middle-aged adults and the role of behavioral and psychosocial factors: evidence from the Spanish National Health Survey

    The goal of this analysis was to describe socioeconomic inequalities in dental health among Spanish middle-aged adults, and the role of behavioral and psychosocial factors in explaining these inequalities.

    Diego Alberto Capurro and Michael Davidsen

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:34

    Published on: 16 February 2017

  9. Research

    Educational health disparities in hypertension and diabetes mellitus among African descent populations in the Caribbean and the USA: a comparative analysis from the Spanish town cohort (Jamaica) and the Jackson heart study (USA)

    Studies have suggested that social inequalities in chronic disease outcomes differ between industrialized and developing countries, but few have directly compared these effects. We explored inequalities in hyp...

    Aurelian Bidulescu, Trevor S. Ferguson, Ian Hambleton, Novie Younger-Coleman, Damian Francis, Nadia Bennett, Michael Griswold, Ervin Fox, Marlene MacLeish, Rainford Wilks, E. Nigel Harris and Louis W. Sullivan

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:33

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  10. Research

    Implementing guidelines and training initiatives to improve cross-cultural communication in primary care consultations: a qualitative participatory European study

    Cross-cultural communication in primary care is often difficult, leading to unsatisfactory, substandard care. Supportive evidence-based guidelines and training initiatives (G/TIs) exist to enhance cross cultur...

    E. Teunissen, K. Gravenhorst, C. Dowrick, E. Van Weel-Baumgarten, F. Van den Driessen Mareeuw, T. de Brún, N. Burns, C. Lionis, F. S. Mair, C. O’Donnell, M. O’Reilly-de Brún, M. Papadakaki, A. Saridaki, W. Spiegel, C. Van Weel, M. Van den Muijsenbergh…

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:32

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  11. Research

    Assessing the impoverishing effects, and factors associated with the incidence of catastrophic health care payments in Kenya

    Monitoring the incidence and intensity of catastrophic health expenditure, as well as the impoverishing effects of out of pocket costs to access healthcare, is a key part of benchmarking Kenya’s progress towar...

    Edwine W. Barasa, Thomas Maina and Nirmala Ravishankar

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:31

    Published on: 6 February 2017

  12. Research

    What limits the utilization of health services among china labor force? analysis of inequalities in demographic, socio-economic and health status

    Inequalities in demographic, socio-economic and health status for China labor force place them at greater health risks, and marginalized them in the utilization of healthcare services. This paper identifies th...

    Liming Lu, Jingchun Zeng and Zhi Zeng

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:30

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  13. Research

    Equity aspects of the Primary Health Care Choice Reform in Sweden – a scoping review

    Good health and equal health care are the cornerstones of the Swedish Health and Medical Service Act. Recent studies show that the average level of health, measured as longevity, improves in Sweden, however, s...

    Bo Burström, Kristina Burström, Gunnar Nilsson, Göran Tomson, Margaret Whitehead and Ulrika Winblad

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:29

    Published on: 28 January 2017

  14. Research

    Embodying pervasive discrimination: a decomposition of sexual orientation inequalities in health in a population-based cross-sectional study in Northern Sweden

    Studies from Sweden and abroad have established health inequalities between heterosexual and non-heterosexual people. Few studies have examined the underpinnings of such sexual orientation inequalities in heal...

    Per E Gustafsson, Ida Linander and Paola A Mosquera

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:22

    Published on: 21 January 2017

  15. Research

    Socioeconomic inequalities in self-perceived oral health among adults in Chile

    This paper studies the socioeconomic disparities in self-perceived oral health among Chilean adults and in the perceived physical, functional, psychological and social consequences of oral health.

    Francisco Gallego, Cristián Larroulet, Leonor Palomer, Andrea Repetto and Diego Verdugo

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:23

    Published on: 21 January 2017

  16. Research

    Family health strategy and equity in prenatal care: a population based cross-sectional study in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Prenatal care coverage is still not universal or adequately provided in many low and middle income countries. One of the main barriers regards the presence of socioeconomic inequalities in prenatal care utiliz...

    Mônica Viegas Andrade, Kenya Valéria Micaela de Souza Noronha, Allan Claudius Queiroz Barbosa, Michelle Nepomuceno Souza, Júlia Almeida Calazans, Lucas Resende de Carvalho, Thiago Augusto Hernandes Rocha and Núbia Cristina Silva

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:24

    Published on: 21 January 2017

  17. Research

    Impoverishing effects of catastrophic health expenditures in Malawi

    Out of pocket (OOP) health spending can potentially expose households to risk of incurring large medical bills, and this may impact on their welfare. This work investigates the effect of catastrophic OOP on th...

    Martina Mchenga, Gowokani Chijere Chirwa and Levison S. Chiwaula

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:25

    Published on: 21 January 2017

  18. Research

    Equitable health services for the young? A decomposition of income-related inequalities in young adults’ utilization of health care in Northern Sweden

    Despite the goal of the Swedish health system to offer health care according to the principle of horizontal equity, little is known about the equality in access to health care use among young people. To explor...

    Paola A. Mosquera, Anna-Karin Waenerlund, Isabel Goicolea and Per E. Gustafsson

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:20

    Published on: 18 January 2017

  19. Research

    Multidimensional poverty and catastrophic health spending in the mountainous regions of Myanmar, Nepal and India

    Economic burden to households due to out-of-pocket expenditure (OOPE) is large in many Asian countries. Though studies suggest increasing household poverty due to high OOPE in developing countries, studies on ...

    Sanjay K. Mohanty, Nand Kishor Agrawal, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Dhrupad Choudhury, Sabarnee Tuladhar and E Valdemar Holmgren

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:21

    Published on: 18 January 2017

  20. Research

    Economic burden of family caregiving for elderly population in southern Ghana: the case of a peri-urban district

    Health systems in low and lower-middle income countries, particularly in sub-Sahara Africa, often lack the specialized personnel and infrastructure to provide comprehensive care for elderly/ageing populations....

    Stephen Tettey Nortey, Genevieve Cecilia Aryeetey, Moses Aikins, Djesika Amendah and Justice Nonvignon

    International Journal for Equity in Health 2017 16:16

    Published on: 14 January 2017

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