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  1. Significant race and sex disparities exist in the prevalence, diagnosis, and outcomes of peripheral artery disease (PAD). However, clinical trials evaluating treatments for PAD often lack representative patien...

    Authors: Chandler Long, Abimbola O. Williams, Alysha M. McGovern, Caroline M. Jacobsen, Liesl M. Hargens, Sue Duval and Michael R. Jaff
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:29
  2. Despite considerable investment in maternal-child programs in Canada, there has been little positive impact on the health of Indigenous mothers and their children. The reasons for this are unclear and there is...

    Authors: Charlene Thompson, Tara Million, Devan Tchir, Angela Bowen and Michael Szafron
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:28
  3. This paper discusses the stages of health system resilience (HSR) and the factors underlying differences in HSR during the covid-19 pandemic, especially the vaccination challenge. We studied the relationship b...

    Authors: Estefania Hernandez-Pineda, Ciro-Alberto Amaya, Catalina González-Uribe, Andrea Herrera and Nubia Velasco
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:27
  4. Patient-reported experience measures (PREMs) are used to drive and evaluate unit and organisational-level healthcare improvement, but also at a population level, these measures can be key indicators of healthc...

    Authors: Reema Harrison, Maha Pervaz Iqbal, Upma Chitkara, Corey Adams, Ashfaq Chauhan, Rebecca Mitchell, Elizabeth Manias, Megan Alston and Anne Marie Hadley
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:26
  5. A more equal allocation of healthcare funds for patients who must pay high costs of care ensures the welfare of society. This study aimed to estimate the optimal co-insurance for outpatient drug costs for heal...

    Authors: Shekoofeh Sadat Momahhed, Sara Emamgholipour Sefiddashti, Behrouz Minaei and Maryam Arab
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:25
  6. Authors: Capucine Barcellona, Yzabel Bryanna Mariñas, Si Ying Tan, Gabriel Lee, Khin Chaw Ko, Savina Chham, Chhea Chhorvann, Borwornsom Leerapan, Nam Pham Tien and Jeremy Lim
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:24

    The original article was published in International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:251

  7. Together with rapid urbanization, ambient nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure has become a growing health threat. However, little is known about the urban–rural disparities in the health implications of short-term NO

    Authors: Yike Zhang, Mengxiao Hu, Bowen Xiang, Haiyang Yu and Qing Wang
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:22
  8. In Brazil, a country of continental dimensions, the health needs of each region have an impact. In this context and the name of the principle of equity, the SUS organizes actions especially aimed at social gro...

    Authors: Luiz Oscar Machado Martins, Marcio Fernandes dos Reis, Alfredo Chaoubah and Guilhermina Rego
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:21
  9. The COVID-19 pandemic is impacting individuals and society's physical and mental health. Despite the lack of any definite and effective therapeutic regimen, public health measures such as quarantine and isolat...

    Authors: Jaime Kristoffer Punzalan, Monserrat Guingona, Elgie Gregorio, Jhufel Ferraren, Mark Anthony Sta. Elena, Marvin Valaquio, Floro Dave Arnuco, Mary Germeyn Punzalan, Rosemarie Arciaga, Torres Woolley, Afdal Kunting, Dulce Amor Miravite and Fortunato Cristobal
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:20
  10. Mental health services are scarce in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and designing and implementing effective interventions can be difficult. The aim of this international study was to explore the ke...

    Authors: Clarissa Giebel, Mark Gabbay, Nipun Shrestha, Gabriel Saldarriaga, Siobhan Reilly, Ross White, Ginger Liu, Dawn Allen and Maria Isabel Zuluaga
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:19
  11. The prevalence of intestinal parasites is known to be high among Amerindian populations; further, there are serious problems in the healthcare of these populations in Brazil. The Maxakali, located in the north...

    Authors: Maria Beatriz Pena e Silva Leite Nacife, Liliane Maria Vidal Siqueira, Keila Furbino Barbosa, Valeska Natiely Vianna, Cássio Zumerle Masioli, Jaime Costa da Silva, Fábio Zicker, Paulo Marcos Zech Coelho, Naftale Katz and George Luiz Lins Machado-Coelho
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:18
  12. The aim of this study was to examine the Coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) vaccine policies disparities and effectiveness in Germany, Denmark and Bulgaria, with a view to providing lessons for global vaccinat...

    Authors: Wanzhen Xie, Leiyu Shi, Meiheng Liu, Junyan Yang, Mengyuan Ma and Gang Sun
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:16
  13. Health intervention implementation in Aotearoa New Zealand (NZ), as in many countries globally, usually varies by ethnicity. Māori (the Indigenous peoples of Aotearoa) and Pacific peoples are less likely to re...

    Authors: Papillon Gustafson, Michelle Lambert, Karen Bartholomew, Mihi Ratima, Yasmin Abdul Aziz, Lisa Kremer, Adam Fusheini, Peter Carswell, Rachel Brown, Patricia Priest and Sue Crengle
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:15
  14. The pandemic has put at risk the social and emotional development of children on account of the paucity of arenas for social interaction. This study from Kerala, India was conducted to assess the resilience fa...

    Authors: Jose Vincent, Resmi Madhusoodanan Santhakumari, Anjana Nalinakumari Kesavan Nair, Anisha Sharahudeen, Asvini K.P, Meenu Maheswari Suresh, Mathew J. Valamparampil, Gayathri A.V, Chintha Sujatha and Anish Thekkumkara Surendran
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:14
  15. Urinary tract cancers including bladder, kidney, ureter, and pelvis are a common malignancy worldwide with high mortality ratio. Aimed to investigate the prevalence of these cancers, we conducted this study.

    Authors: Amir-Hossein Mousavian, Gita Shafiee, Ali Sheidaei, Narges Zargar Balajam, Mehdi Ebrahimi, Fatemeh Khatami, Kimiya Gohari, Alisam Aryan, Ali Ghanbari-Motlagh, Afshin Ostovar, Seyed Mohammad Kazem Aghamir and Ramin Heshmat
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:13
  16. Studies have shown that financial hardship can impact weight change; however, it is unclear what the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has had on weight change in U.S. adults, or whether racial-ethnic g...

    Authors: Izabelle Mendez, Paula D Strassle, Erik J. Rodriquez, Stephanie Ponce, Randy Le, Alexis Green, Emma Martinez, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable and Anna M Nápoles
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:12
  17. Cancer is a major global health concern. Unfortunately, Indigenous populations such as Greenlanders living in Denmark, face significant disparities in cancer risk, incidence, diagnosis, care quality, and outco...

    Authors: Camilla Rahr Tatari, Berit Andersen and Pia Kirkegaard
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:11
  18. Socioeconomic inequalities in the population influence access to health services and constitute a challenge for health systems, especially in low- and middle-income countries. In Peru, an increase in the use o...

    Authors: Renato Díaz-Ruiz, Rodrigo Vargas-Fernández, Carlos Rojas-Roque and Akram Hernández-Vásquez
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:10
  19. Despite its considerable impact on health and productivity, anemia among men has received limited attention. In a country as diverse as India, characterized by extensive geographic variations, there is a press...

    Authors: Aditya Singh, Sumit Ram, Rakesh Chandra, Arabindo Tanti, Shivani Singh and Ananya Kundu
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:9
  20. Female migrant domestic workers (MDW), approximately 8.5 million globally, often live in their employer’s home under vulnerable conditions. In Hong Kong, MDWs currently comprise 5% of the population. This stud...

    Authors: Timothy S. Sumerlin, Jean H. Kim, Alvin Yik-Kiu Hui, Dicken Chan, Tim Liao, Sabu Padmadas, Eric Fong and Roger Y. Chung
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:8
  21. To explore the perceptions that Colombians have about voluntary private health insurance plans (VPHI) in the health system to identify the tensions that exist between the public and private systems.

    Authors: Daniel Felipe Patiño-Lugo, Claudia Marcela Vélez, Diana Patricia Díaz-Hernández, Olga Francisca Salazar-Blanco, Juan Esteban González-Arango, Juan Carlos Velásquez-Correa, Leydi Camila Rodríguez-Corredor, Viviana María Vélez-Marín and Pamela Velásquez-Salazar
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:7
  22. Integrated vaccine delivery – the linkage of routine vaccination with provision of other essential health services – is a hallmark of robust primary care systems that has been linked to equitable improvements ...

    Authors: Sanjana J. Ravi, Andrés I. Vecino-Ortiz, Christina M. Potter, Maria W. Merritt and Bryan N. Patenaude
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:5
  23. Measuring socioeconomic inequalities in healthcare usage represents a critical step towards promoting health equity, in alignment with the principles of universal health coverage and the United Nations’ Sustai...

    Authors: Louis Kobina Dadzie, Aster Ferede Gebremedhin, Tarif Salihu, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah and Sanni Yaya
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:4
  24. Recent research has highlighted the impacts of colonialism and racism in global health, yet few studies have presented concrete steps toward addressing the problems. We conducted a narrative review to identify...

    Authors: Sarah Lebu, Lena Musoka and Jay P. Graham
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:3
  25. Social health inequalities are still of great public health importance in modern societies. The COVID-19 pandemic may have affected social inequalities in people's health due to containment measures. As these ...

    Authors: Stephanie Hoffmann, Mira Tschorn and Jacob Spallek
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:2
  26. Persons with albinism face challenges to their wellbeing, safety, and security, ranging from vision impairment and skin cancer to stigma and discrimination. In some regions, they also face human rights atrocit...

    Authors: Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham, Barbara Astle, Ikponwosa Ero, Lori Beaman, Bonny Ibhawoh, Elvis Imafidon, Richard Sawatzky, Wisdom Tettey, Meghann Buyco and Emma Strobell
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:1
  27. The scientific study of racism as a root cause of health inequities has been hampered by the policies and practices of medical journals. Monitoring the discourse around racism and health inequities (i.e., raci...

    Authors: Caroline A. Figueroa, Erin Manalo-Pedro, Swetha Pola, Sajia Darwish, Pratik Sachdeva, Christian Guerrero, Claudia von Vacano, Maithili Jha, Fernando De Maio and Chris J. Kennedy
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:265

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:47

  28. Women are at greater risk of common mental disorders. The intersectionality concept provides a framework to examine the effects of multiple social disadvantages on women’s mental health. We conducted a systema...

    Authors: Nadia Alhamd Alghamdi, Kirsty Dunn, Deborah Cairns and Craig Melville
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:264
  29. There are many dimensions regarding autism that are closely connected to social structures, policies, and power dynamics, silently impacting the well-being of individuals within the autism spectrum. This resea...

    Authors: Ansar Khougar, Paria Baba Ahmadi, Hadi Ranjbar, Mahsa Ahadi and Parisa Ahadi
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:263
  30. Violence against women is a major human rights violation, and the continuous occurrence of this can have many implications for women’s social and health outcomes. The experience of violence from an intimate pa...

    Authors: Oluwatobi Abel Alawode, Obasanjo Afolabi Bolarinwa, Julia Marie Hajjar, Stephen Okechukwu Chukwudeh and Sanni Yaya
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:262
  31. Long COVID symptoms – which include brain fog, depression, and fatigue – are mild at best and debilitating at worst. Some U.S. health surveys have found that women, lower income individuals, and those with les...

    Authors: Jennifer Cohen and Yana van der Meulen Rodgers
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:261
  32. Improving access to healthcare for ethnic minorities is a public health priority in many countries, yet little is known about how to incorporate information on race, ethnicity, and related social determinants ...

    Authors: Matthew J. Griffee, David A. Thomson, Jonathon Fanning, Dorothea Rosenberger, Adrian Barnett, Nicole M. White, Jacky Suen, John F. Fraser, Gianluigi Li Bassi and Sung-Min Cho
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:260
  33. In the last three decades, a cohort of genomicists have intentionally sought to include more racially diverse people in their research in human genomics and precision medicine. How such efforts to be inclusive...

    Authors: Arafaat A. Valiani, David Anderson, Angela Gonzales, Mandi Gray, Lorian Hardcastle and Tanvir C. Turin
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:259
  34. The Russia-Ukraine war has undeniably impacted global science and healthcare in Ukraine. Many Ukrainian researchers have had their projects disrupted by this war, either due to loss of life, displacement, or d...

    Authors: Habib Olatunji Alagbo, Saloni Mitra, Karen Madueke, Uchechi Blessing Azuwike, Samantha Dos Santos Rocha Ferreira, Alimat Temitope Ademuyiwa, Oluwaseun Adeleke, Chigozirim Ejinkeonye, David Izuchukwu Onyebuchi, Inioluwa Atowoju, Faith Inioluwa Odelola, Jyoti Kumari, Marvellous Sowunmi, Yana Al-Inaya, Toufik Abdul-Rahman and Nathan A. Shlobin
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:258
  35. The growing trend of informal settlements is a serious humanitarian crisis. Unmet need for health care services is an indicator to measure the state of equality and access to healthcare services. This study, f...

    Authors: Bakhtiar Piroozi, Hossein Safari, Amjad Mohamadi Bolbanabad, Ghobad Moradi, Yadolah Zarezadeh, Azad Shokri and Farhad Moradpour
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:257
  36. To establish a long-term mechanism to control the cost burden of drugs, the Chinese government organized seven rounds of price negotiations for the national reimbursement drug list (NRDL) from 2016 to the end ...

    Authors: Yanyan Liu, Yuwen Bao, Yaxin Huang, Mengdie Zhang and Xin Li
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:256
  37. The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates a 10 million health worker shortage by 2030. Despite this shortage, some low-income African countries paradoxically struggle with health worker surpluses. Technica...

    Authors: Pieternella Pieterse and Federico Saracini
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:255
  38. Cancer causes a major disease burden worldwide. This is increasingly being realised in low and middle-income countries, which account disproportionately for preventable cancer deaths. Despite the World Health ...

    Authors: Chloe Zabrina Tuck, Richard Cooper, Richmond Aryeetey, Laura A Gray and Robert Akparibo
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:254
  39. This study examined the perceived barriers of migrants and refugees to vaccinating their children against measles and polio in Iran.

    Authors: Amir Nasiri, Hossein Farshidi, Farshid Rezaei, Tahereh Dehdari, Afrouzeh Kazemi, Hamid Rezapour and Massomeh Goshtaei
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:253
  40. Red River Métis families need access to meaningful and appropriate resources when their children are sick. At the invitation of the Manitoba Métis Federation (MMF) to partner in this research, our aim was to u...

    Authors: Lisa Knisley, S. Michelle Driedger, Lisa Hartling, Frances Chartrand, Julianne Sanguins and Shannon D. Scott
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:252
  41. Existing research on health equity falls short of identifying a comprehensive set of indicators for measurement across health systems. Health systems in the ASEAN region, in particular, lack a standardised fra...

    Authors: Capucine Barcellona, Yzabel Bryanna Mariñas, Si Ying Tan, Gabriel Lee, Khin Chaw Ko, Savina Chham, Chhea Chhorvann, Borwornsom Leerapan, Nam Pham Tien and Jeremy Lim
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:251

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal for Equity in Health 2024 23:24

  42. Child marriage remains a prevalent issue in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) despite global declines. Girls are disproportionately affected, facing health risks, limited education, and restricted decisi...

    Authors: Kathya Lorena Cordova-Pozo, Sujata Santosh Anishettar, Manish Kumar and Praveen Kailash Chokhandre
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:250
  43. Social inequalities are an important contributor to the global burden of disease within and between countries. Using digital technology in health promotion and healthcare is seen by some as a potential lever t...

    Authors: Laura M. König, Rebecca A. Krukowski, Emmanuel Kuntsche, Heide Busse, Laura Gumbert, Kathrin Gemesi, Efrat Neter, Nor Firdous Mohamed, Kathryn M. Ross, Yetunde O. John-Akinola, Rosie Cooper, Anila Allmeta, Anabelle Macedo Silva, Cynthia C. Forbes and Max J. Western
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:249
  44. People who use substances (PWUS) encounter significant barriers to accessing care for their complex health needs. As a result, emergency departments (EDs) often become the first point of healthcare access for ...

    Authors: Dana Rajab, Jamie K. Fujioka, Melanie Walker, Susan A. Bartels, Meredith MacKenzie and Eva Purkey
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:248
  45. China initiated a health system reform in 2009 to achieve Universal Health Coverage (UHC) by 2020. While the effectiveness of health-system reforms has been studied, equity in health-service utilization and fi...

    Authors: Haoqing Tang, Mingyue Li, Larry Z. Liu, Yanbing Zhou and Xiaoyun Liu
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:246

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