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  1. Physical activity is crucial for our wellbeing. Since the COVID-19 pandemic emerged, physical activity behaviour has changed globally, and social inequalities that already exist in physical activity have incre...

    Authors: Frida Brattlöf, Per E. Gustafsson and Miguel San Sebastián
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:21
  2. Despite a publicly-funded healthcare system, alarming cancer-related health and healthcare inequities persist in Canada. However, it remains unclear how equity is being understood and taken up within the Canad...

    Authors: Leah K. Lambert, Tara C. Horrill, Scott M. Beck, Amber Bourgeois, Annette J. Browne, Shannon Cheng, A. Fuchsia Howard, Jagbir Kaur, Michael McKenzie, Kelli I. Stajduhar and Sally Thorne
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:20
  3. Health inequities lead to low rates of cancer screening in certain populations, such as low-income and ethnic minority groups. Different interventions to address this have been developed with mixed results. Ho...

    Authors: Afua Richardson-Parry, Carole Baas, Shaantanu Donde, Bianca Ferraiolo, Maimah Karmo, Zorana Maravic, Lars Münter, Ignacio Ricci-Cabello, Mitchell Silva, Stacey Tinianov, Jose M. Valderas, Seth Woodruff and Joris van Vugt
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:19
  4. The extent to which people are physically active is dependent upon social gradients. Numerous studies have shown that especially people with social disadvantages do not meet the physical activity (PA) recommen...

    Authors: Simone Kohler, Lea Dippon, Natalie Helsper, Alfred Rütten, Karim Abu-Omar, Leonie Birkholz, Klaus Pfeifer, Philipp Weber and Jana Semrau
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:18
  5. International organisations have called to increase young people’s involvement in healthcare and health policy development. We currently lack effective methods for facilitating meaningful engagement by young p...

    Authors: Daniella Watson, Mimi Mhlaba, Gontse Molelekeng, Thulani Andrew Chauke, Sara Correia Simao, Sarah Jenner, Lisa J. Ware and Mary Barker
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:17
  6. Since the 2008 publication of the reports of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health and its nine knowledge networks, substantial research has been undertaken to document and describe health inequities...

    Authors: Orielle Solar, Nicole Valentine, Antia Castedo, Gonzalo Soto Brandt, Jaitra Sathyandran, Zahra Ahmed, Paul Cheh, Emma Callon, Felicity Porritt, Isabel Espinosa, Kira Fortune, Shogo Kubota, Elizabeth Elliott, April Joy David, Maryam Bigdeli, Hafid Hachri…
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 21(Suppl 3):193

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 21 Supplement 3

  7. The re-emerging dominance of the Taliban in Afghanistan in 2021 caused a new wave of Afghan refugees heading Iran and neighboring countries. Iran in the Middle East and Germany in Europe are two major host cou...

    Authors: Parisa Rahimitabar, Alexander Kraemer, Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Fatemeh Ebrahimi and Amirhossein Takian
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:16
  8. The processing of food can cause changes that turn them into risk factors for chronic diseases. A higher degree of food processing is associated with the development of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs)...

    Authors: Lídia Bezerra Barbosa, Nancy Borges Rodrigues Vasconcelos, Ewerton Amorim dos Santos, Tamara Rodrigues dos Santos, Thays Ataide-Silva and Haroldo da Silva Ferreira
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:14
  9. There are persistent ethnic gaps in uptake of child healthcare services in New Zealand (NZ), despite increasing policy to promote equitable access. We examined ethnic differences in the uptake of immunisation ...

    Authors: Sonia Lewycka, Kabir Dasgupta, Alexander Plum, Terryann Clark, Mary Hedges and Gail Pacheco
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:13
  10. Early diagnosis of genetic rare diseases is an unmet need in Brazil, where an estimated 10–13 million people live with these conditions. Increased use of chromosome microarray assays, exome sequencing, and who...

    Authors: Têmis Maria Félix, Carolina Fischinger Moura de Souza, João Bosco Oliveira, Mariana Rico-Restrepo, Edmar Zanoteli, Mayana Zatz and Roberto Giugliani
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:11
  11. Authors: Brittany M. St. John, Emily Hickey, Edward Kastern, Chad Russell, Tina Russell, Ashley Mathy, Brogan Peterson, Don Wigington, Casey Pellien, Allison Caudill, Libby Hladik and Karla K. Ausderau
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:9

    The original article was published in International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:130

  12. With the gradual increase of residents’ income and the continuous improvement of medical security system, people’s demand for pursuing higher quality and better medical and health services has been released. H...

    Authors: Lei Yuan, Jing Cao, Dong Wang, Dan Yu, Ge Liu and Zhaoxin Qian
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:8
  13. Language has been well documented to be a key determinant of accessing healthcare. Most of the literature about language barrier in accessing healthcare is in the context of miscommunication. However, it is cr...

    Authors: Tevfik Bayram and Sibel Sakarya
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:6
  14. Globally, structural racism has been well documented as an important social determinant of health (SODH) resulting in racial inequality related to health. Although studies on structural racism have increased o...

    Authors: Md Koushik Ahmed, Desiree Scretching and Sandra D. Lane
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:4
  15. There is consensus that the 2008 financial and economic crisis and related austerity measures adversely impacted access to healthcare. In light of the growing debt caused by the COVID-19 crisis, it is uncertai...

    Authors: Julia Nadine Doetsch, Clara Schlösser, Henrique Barros, David Shaw, Thomas Krafft and Eva Pilot
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:3
  16. Reaching hard to reach populations is key to reduce health inequities. Despite targeted interventions, status of crucial public health indicators like neonatal and maternal mortality is still far from optimal....

    Authors: Srinivas Nallala, Upasona Ghosh, Shyama Sundari Desaraju, Shridhar Kadam, Rahul Reddy Kadarpeta and Sara Van Belle
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:2
  17. Understanding whether the type of primary caregiver and end-of-life (EOL) care location are associated with EOL medical expenditures is crucial to inform global debates on policies for efficient and effective ...

    Authors: Zhong Li, Peiyin Hung, Kewei Shi, You Fu and Dongfu Qian
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2023 22:1
  18. Many high-income countries have made significant progress towards achieving universal health coverage. Nevertheless, out-of-pocket (OOP) health expenditure continues to undermine the effectiveness of the unive...

    Authors: Mohammed Khaled Al-Hanawi and Purity Njagi
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:192
  19. The growing urban population imposes additional challenges for health systems in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We explored the economic burden and inequities in healthcare utilisation across slum, ...

    Authors: Noemia Teixeira de Siqueira Filha, Jinshuo Li, Penelope A. Phillips-Howard, Zahidul Quayyum, Eliud Kibuchi, Md Imran Hossain Mithu, Aishwarya Vidyasagaran, Varun Sai, Farzana Manzoor, Robinson Karuga, Abdul Awal, Ivy Chumo, Vinodkumar Rao, Blessing Mberu, John Smith, Samuel Saidu…
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:191
  20. Hepatitis B causes significant disease and death globally, despite the availability of effective vaccination. Migration likewise affects hundreds of millions of people annually, many of whom are women and chil...

    Authors: Mary Ellen Gilder, Chanapat Pateekhum, Ahmar Hashmi, Chanchanok Aramrat, Ko Ko Aung, Wimon Miket, Cindy S. Chu, December Win, Marieke Bierhoff, Wichuda Wiwattanacharoen, Wichuda Jiraporncharoen, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon and Rose McGready
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:190
  21. This study aimed to assess the financial burden of out-of-pocket (OOP) payments to purchase antidiabetic medicines for type 2 patients in Iran.

    Authors: Leila Zarei, Najmeh Moradi, Farzad Peiravian, Nazafarin Hatami-Mazinani, Motahareh Mahi-Birjand, Jalal Arabloo and Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:188
  22. Health data is one of the most valuable assets in health service delivery yet one of the most underutilized in especially low-income countries. Health data is postulated to improve health service delivery thro...

    Authors: Chraish Miiro, Josephine Caren Ndawula, Enoch Musudo, Olivia Peace Nabuuma, Charles Norman Mpaata, Shamim Nabukenya, Alex Akaka, Olivia Bebembeire and Douglas Sanya
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:187
  23. Chronic hepatitis B is a public health concern in Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory of Australia with prevalence almost four times the non-Aboriginal population. Infection is suspected to mainly...

    Authors: Richard P. Sullivan, Jane Davies, Paula Binks, Melita McKinnon, Roslyn Gundjirryiir Dhurrkay, Kelly Hosking, Sarah Mariyalawuy Bukulatjpi, Stephen Locarnini, Margaret Littlejohn, Kathy Jackson, Steven Y. C. Tong and Joshua S. Davis
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:186
  24. The use of evidence-based (EB) and evidence-informed (EI) criteria in determining the effectiveness of health interventions has been widely adopted by national and international agencies in their attempt to ad...

    Authors: Alexander Perez, Rosy Galván  and Milanes Morejon
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:185
  25. In many universal health systems, waiting times act as a non-monetary rationing mechanism, one that should be based on clinical need rather than the ability to pay. However, there is growing evidence that amon...

    Authors: Juan David García-Corchero and Dolores Jiménez-Rubio
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:184
  26. Biomedical technologies have the potential to be advantageous in remote communities. However, information about barriers faced by users of technology in general and in remote Indigenous communities is scarce. ...

    Authors: Tiana Bressan, Andrea Valdivia-Gago, Rosa M. Silvera-Ccallo, Alejandro Llanos-Cuentas, Daniel F. Condor, Pierre G. Padilla-Huamantinco, Stalin Vilcarromero, J. Jaime Miranda and Carol Zavaleta-Cortijo
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:183
  27. Many countries adopted comprehensive national initiatives to promote equity in higher education with the goal of transforming the culture of research. Major health research funders are supporting this work thr...

    Authors: Christine Kelly, Lisette Dansereau, Jennifer Sebring, Katie Aubrecht, Maggie FitzGerald, Yeonjung Lee, Allison Williams and Barbara Hamilton-Hinch
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:182
  28. Digital health has expanded during the COVID-19 pandemic, while the exclusion of vulnerable populations with limited access to these technologies widens the gap to receive proper care. There is very little dat...

    Authors: Sándor Békási, Edmond Girasek and Zsuzsa Győrffy
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:181
  29. Chronic diseases pose a serious threat to health and longevity worldwide. As chronic diseases require long periods of treatment and may become serious conditions, the ensuing financial burden is often worse th...

    Authors: Tomoo Ito, Sengchanh Kounnavong and Chiaki Miyoshi
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:180
  30. Researchers have highlighted a large-scale global unmet need for rehabilitation. While sex and gender have been shown to interact with each other and with other social and structural factors to influence healt...

    Authors: Jessica Ott, Sarah N. Champagne, Abdulgafoor M. Bachani and Rosemary Morgan
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:179
  31. Allocation of healthcare resources has a great influence on treatment and outcome of patients. This study aimed to access the inequality of ambulance allocation across regions, and estimate the associations be...

    Authors: Siwen Li, Xuejie Dong, Dongmei Li, Hongjuan Zhang, Shuduo Zhou, Mailikezhati Maimaitiming, Junxiong Ma, Na Li, Qiang Zhou, Yinzi Jin and Zhi-Jie Zheng
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:178
  32. Diagnostic testing for SARS-CoV-2 is critical to manage the pandemic and its different waves. The requirement to pay out-of-pocket (OOP) for testing potentially represents both a financial barrier to access an...

    Authors: Gabriela Flores, Asiyeh Abbasi, Catherine Korachais and Rouselle Lavado
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21(Suppl 3):177

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 21 Supplement 3

  33. Health inequities have a profound impact on all dimensions of people’s lives, with invariably worse results among the most disadvantaged, transforming them into a more fragile and vulnerable population. These ...

    Authors: Rodrigo Severino, Manuel Espinoza and Báltica Cabieses
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:176
  34. Migrants are overrepresented among people living with HIV in Sweden as they often face conditions that increased their risk and vulnerability for HIV/STI infections prior, during or after migration. Yet, there...

    Authors: Faustine Kyungu Nkulu-Kalengayi, Anne Adhiambo Ouma and Anna-Karin Hurtig
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:175
  35. Over the years, the Nigerian healthcare workforce, including doctors, nurses, and pharmacists have always been known to emigrate to developed countries to practice. However, the recent dramatic increase in thi...

    Authors: Lukman Lawal, Abdulwahab Oluwatomisin Lawal, Opeyemi Pius Amosu, Abdulmujeeb Opeyemi Muhammad-Olodo, Nasir Abdulrasheed, Khalil-ur-Rahman Abdullah, Philemon Barnabas Kuza, Abdullahi Tunde Aborode, Yusuff Adebayo Adebisi, Ahmed Adeseye Kareem, Abdulwahab Aliu, Taiye Muhammed Elelu and Tonderai Murwira
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:174
  36. Vulnerabilities of men and women to adverse health effects due to weather variability and climate change are not equal. Uganda was among the countries in the world most affected by extreme weather events durin...

    Authors: Emily Injete Amondo, Oliver K. Kirui and Alisher Mirzabaev
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:173
  37. The Sustainable Development Goals have helped to focus attention on the importance of reducing inequality and ‘leaving no one behind’. Monitoring health inequalities is essential for providing evidence to info...

    Authors: Katherine Kirkby, Anne Schlotheuber, Cecilia Vidal Fuertes, Zev Ross and Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21(Suppl 3):172

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 21 Supplement 3

  38. The high prevalence of gender-based violence (GBV) among transwomen is a human rights and public health challenge. Nonetheless, there is limited evidence of sources of GBV support services and the challenges f...

    Authors: Tonny Ssekamatte, Aisha Nalugya, John Bosco Isunju, Muyanga Naume, Patience Oputan, Juliet Kiguli, Solomon Tsebeni Wafula, Simon Peter S. Kibira, David Ssekamatte, Luisa Orza, Richard K. Mugambe and Rhoda K. Wanyenze
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:171
  39. Universal health coverage is a challenge to horizontal equity in healthcare financing. Since 1998, China has extended its healthcare insurance schemes, and individuals with equal incomes but different attribut...

    Authors: Fan Yang, Mingsheng Chen and Lei Si
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:170
  40. Indigenous populations across the world are more likely to suffer from poor health outcomes when compared to other racial and ethnic groups. Although these disparities have many sources, one protective factor ...

    Authors: D. H. Whalen, Melissa E. Lewis, Stefanie Gillson, Brittany McBeath, Bri Alexander and Kate Nyhan
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:169
  41. Despite many countries working hard to attain Universal Health Coverage (UHC) and the Health-related Sustainable Development Goals, access to healthcare services has remained a challenge for communities residi...

    Authors: Freddie Ssengooba, Susan Babirye, Doreen Tuhebwe, Aloysius Ssennyonjo, Steven Ssendagire, Arthur Rutaroh, Leon Mutesa and Mabel Nangami
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:168
  42. In January 2020, SARS-CoV-2 virus was identified as a cause of an outbreak in China. The disease quickly spread worldwide, and the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the pandemic in March 2020.

    Authors: Maya Allan, Maja Lièvre, Henry Laurenson-Schaefer, Stéphane de Barros, Yuka Jinnai, Sophie Andrews, Thomas Stricker, Jesus Perez Formigo, Craig Schultz, Anne Perrocheau and Julia Fitzner
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21(Suppl 3):167

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 21 Supplement 3

  43. Health care services express social and structural inequalities, especially for Dalits and women, due to the indignity and discrimination experienced in health care facilities. Jagrutha Mahila Sanghatane (JMS)...

    Authors: Sathyasree Goswami and Edward Premdas Pinto
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21(Suppl 1):166

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 21 Supplement 1

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