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  1. The COVID-19 pandemic has strained healthcare systems by creating a tragic imbalance between needs and resources. Governments and healthcare organizations have adapted to this pronounced scarcity by applying a...

    Authors: Elizabeth Badalov, Liz Blackler, Amy E. Scharf, Konstantina Matsoukas, Sanjay Chawla, Louis P. Voigt and Arthur Kuflik
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:76
  2. Health inequality, including physical and mental health inequality, is an important issue. What role social capital plays in mental health inequality is still ambiguous, especially in developing countries. The...

    Authors: Dan Cao, Zhongliang Zhou, Guanping Liu, Chi Shen, Yangling Ren, Dantong Zhao, Yaxin Zhao, Qiwei Deng and Xiaohui Zhai
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:75
  3. Public health measures for COVID-19 containment have implied economic and social life disruptions, which have been particularly deleterious in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) due to high rates of infor...

    Authors: M. Vilar-Compte, M. Hernández-F, P. Gaitán-Rossi, V. Pérez and G. Teruel
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:74
  4. Significant progress has been made to advance Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (MNCH) in Ethiopia. Further, the country has enshrined equity as a core value in their strategic and development frameworks and ...

    Authors: Josea Rono, Lynette Kamau, Jane Mwangwana, Jacinta Waruguru, Pauline Aluoch and Maureen Njoroge
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:73
  5. Social determinants of health (SDoH) are known to have a large impact on health outcomes, but their effects are difficult to make visible. They are part of complex systems of variables largely indirect effects...

    Authors: Laurens Reumers, Marleen Bekker, Henk Hilderink, Maria Jansen, Jan-Kees Helderman and Dirk Ruwaard
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:72
  6. Unintended pregnancies are a global public health concern that could be prevented with appropriate access to contraceptive methods. Evidence from research has indicated that avoidance of closely space birth/pr...

    Authors: Obinna Princewill Anyatonwu and Miguel San Sebastián
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:71
  7. When COVID-19 emerged, there were well-founded fears that Māori (indigenous peoples of Aotearoa (New Zealand)) would be disproportionately affected, both in terms of morbidity and mortality from COVID-19 itsel...

    Authors: Cheryl Davies, Carmen Timu-Parata, Jeannine Stairmand, Bridget Robson, Amanda Kvalsvig, Dominique Lum and Virginia Signal
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:70
  8. The negative association between income inequality and health has been known in the literature as the Income Inequality Hypothesis (IIH). Despite the multiple studies examining the validity of this hypothesis,...

    Authors: Pamela Góngora-Salazar, María Sofía Casabianca and Paul Rodríguez-Lesmes
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:69
  9. In fragile and conflict affected settings (FCAS) such as South Sudan, where health needs are immense, resources are scarce, health infrastructure is rudimentary or damaged, and government stewardship is weak, ...

    Authors: Heloise Widdig, Noor Tromp, George William Lutwama and Eelco Jacobs
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:68
  10. In high income countries, racialized/ethnic minorities are disproportionally affected by COVID-19. Despite the established importance of community involvement in epidemic preparedness, we lack in-depth underst...

    Authors: Christiana Nöstlinger, Ella Van Landeghem, Jef Vanhamel, Anke Rotsaert, Lazare Manirankunda, Charles Ddungu, Thijs Reyniers, Deogratias Katsuva, Jana Vercruyssen, Stef Dielen and Marie Meudec
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:67
  11. Access to health care has traditionally been conceptualized as a function of patient socio-demographic characteristics (i.e., age, race/ethnicity, education, health insurance status, etc.) and/or the system it...

    Authors: Helen V. S. Cole and Emily Franzosa
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:66
  12. While it is recognized that there are costs associated with postoperative patient follow-up, risk assessments of catastrophic health expenditures (CHEs) due to surgery in sub-Saharan Africa rarely include expe...

    Authors: Anne Niyigena, Barnabas Alayande, Laban Bikorimana, Elizabeth Miranda, Niclas Rudolfson, Deogratias Ndagijimana, Fredrick Kateera, Robert Riviello and Bethany Hedt-Gauthier
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:62
  13. Tribal peoples are among the most marginalised groups worldwide. Evidence on birth outcomes in these groups is scant. We describe inequalities in Stillbirth Rate (SBR), Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR), and uptak...

    Authors: Sophie L.P. Busch, Tanja A.J. Houweling, Hemanta Pradhan, Rajkumar Gope, Shibanand Rath, Amit Kumar, Vikash Nath, Audrey Prost and Nirmala Nair
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:61
  14. This article aimed to analyse constructions of adolescents’ sexualities and sexual health and the consequences of these discourses for adolescents’ exercise of their sexual reproductive health and rights (SRHR...

    Authors: Chama Mulubwa, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Charles Michelo, Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy and Isabel Goicolea
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:60
  15. Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) is often used to address health inequities due to structural racism. However, much of the existing literature emphasizes relationships and synergy rather than stru...

    Authors: John G. Oetzel, Blake Boursaw, Maya Magarati, Elizabeth Dickson, Shannon Sanchez-Youngman, Leo Morales, Sarah Kastelic, Milton “Mickey” Eder and Nina Wallerstein
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:59
  16. Community-led interventions that address structural and social determinants of health are lacking among (im)migrant workers, especially seafood workers. This lack of medical attention is especially alarming gi...

    Authors: Shannon Guillot-Wright, N. Miles Farr and Ellie Cherryhomes
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:58
  17. This study aimed to compare the prevention and control strategies adopted by the United States and India in the COVID-19 outbreak and analyze the effectiveness of their strategies, in order to provide empirica...

    Authors: Junyan Yang, Leiyu Shi, Haiqian Chen, Xiaohan Wang, Jun Jiao, Manfei Yang, Meiheng Liu and Gang Sun
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:57
  18. Monitoring health inequalities is an important task for health research and policy, to uncover who is being left behind – and where – and to inform effective and equitable policies and programmes to tackle exi...

    Authors: Jakob Dirksen, Monica Pinilla-Roncancio, Fernando C. Wehrmeister, Leonardo Z. Ferreira, Luis Paulo Vidaletti, Katherine Kirkby, Theadora Swift Koller, Anne Schlotheuber, Heriberto Tapia, Cecilia Vidal Fuertes, Sabina Alkire, Aluisio J. D. Barros and Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:56
  19. Access to professional health care providers in Loja Province, Ecuador can be difficult for many citizens. The Health Care Access Barrier Model (HCAB) was established to provide a framework for classification,...

    Authors: Anthony Brusnahan, Majo Carrasco-Tenezaca, Benjamin R. Bates, Rosellen Roche and Mario J. Grijalva
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:55
  20. Emergency department crowding is an obstacle in the process of obtaining emergency care services, which will lead to the increase of time cost. Most studies focused on the direct access to emergency medical re...

    Authors: Ning Xu, Jianjun Bai and Ran Yan
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:54
  21. Recent surveys, studies and reviews in urban areas of Pakistan have highlighted the impacts of social inequities on access of women and children to health services for women and children in Pakistan.

    Authors: Khawaja Aftab Ahmed, John Grundy, Lubna Hashmat, Imran Ahmed, Saadia Farrukh, Dexter Bersonda, Muhammad Akram Shah, Soofia Yunus and Hari Krishna Banskota
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:52
  22. Socioeconomic inequalities in cardiovascular (CVD) health outcomes are well documented. While Russia has one of the highest levels of CVD mortality in the world, the literature on contemporary socio-economic i...

    Authors: Sergi Trias-Llimós, Sarah Cook, Anne Elise Eggen, Alexander V. Kudryavtsev, Sofia Malyutina, Vladimir M. Shkolnikov and David A. Leon
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:51
  23. Restrictive state laws aimed at immigrants can have unintended consequences for health insurance coverage of United States citizens in immigrant families due to both actual barriers created by the laws and per...

    Authors: Sylvia E. Twersky
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:50
  24. The deployment of Community Health Workers (CHWs) is widely promoted as a strategy for reducing health inequities in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Yet there is limited evidence on whether and how CH...

    Authors: Sonia Ahmed, Liana E. Chase, Janelle Wagnild, Nasima Akhter, Scarlett Sturridge, Andrew Clarke, Pari Chowdhary, Diana Mukami, Adetayo Kasim and Kate Hampshire
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:49
  25. The COVID-19 pandemic has shed new light on inequities in healthcare access faced by immigrant and refugee communities. To address ongoing disparities, there is an urgent need for ecological approaches to bett...

    Authors: Falah N. Rashoka, Megan S. Kelley, Jeong-Kyun Choi, Marc A. Garcia, Weiwen Chai and Hazim N. Rashawka
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:48
  26. Low household socioeconomic status is associated with unhealthy behaviours including poor diet and adverse health outcomes. Different methods leading to variations in SES classification has the potential to ge...

    Authors: Vincent Were, Louise Foley, Eleanor Turner-Moss, Ebele Mogo, Pamela Wadende, Rosemary Musuva and Charles Obonyo
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:47
  27. Like many places in Nigeria, Niger, a predominantly rural and poor state in the north of the country, has high fertility, low contraceptive prevalence, and high maternal mortality. This paper presents a descri...

    Authors: Rachel Sullivan Robinson and Tariah Adams
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21(Suppl 1):46

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 21 Supplement 1

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:65

  28. The COVID-19 pandemic has been felt acutely in Latin America with several countries having among the highest numbers of SARS-CoV-2 cases and related deaths. Individuals living with underlying health conditions...

    Authors: Meredith H. Kruse, Alessandra Durstine and Dabney P. Evans
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:45
  29. Intimate partner violence against women is a behavior within an intimate relationship that causes physical, sexual, or psychological harm to the victim. It is well recognized as a gross violation of human righ...

    Authors: Girma Garedew Goyomsa, Teklu Arga Albe, Sisay Abebe Debela and Leul Deribe Kitaw
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:44
  30. This study aims to assess which measures could improve the healthy early childhood development of children from marginalized Roma communities and to identify priority measures.

    Authors: Shoshana Chovan, Daniela Filakovska Bobakova, Lucia Bosakova, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Sijmen A. Reijneveld and Marlou L. A. de Kroon
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:43
  31. Recognition of the value of “social accountability” to improve health systems performance and to address health inequities, has increased over the last decades, with different schools of thought engaging in ro...

    Authors: Erica Nelson, Peter Waiswa, Vera Schattan Coelho and Eric Sarriot
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21(Suppl 1):41

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 21 Supplement 1

  32. This paper presents the protocol of a study that aims at exploring how different multi-level governance arrangements impact on sexual and reproductive health of adolescents living in informal settlements. The ...

    Authors: Sara Van Belle
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21(Suppl 1):40

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 21 Supplement 1

  33. Most countries in Europe require out-of-pocket payments (OPPs) for nursing homes based on users’ income and often assets. This was also the case in Austria until 2018 when asset-based contributions to resident...

    Authors: Ricardo Rodrigues, Cassandra Simmons, Tamara Premrov, Christian Böhler and Kai Leichsenring
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:39
  34. The serious shortage of human resources for primary health care (PHC) is a common issue in health reforms worldwide. China has proposed that it is an effective way to encourage and guide qualified medical pers...

    Authors: Huanhuan Jia, Xihe Yu, Hairui Jiang, Jianxing Yu, Peng Cao, Shang Gao, Panpan Shang and Bayuzhen Qiang
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:37
  35. Human rights are best protected, promoted and guaranteed when they can compel binding and enforceability duty. One prominent criticism of category of human rights which includes the human right to health is th...

    Authors: Zahara Nampewo, Jennifer Heaven Mike and Jonathan Wolff
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:36
  36. Social exclusion is a complex concept that is recognised as a key determinant of health. Many measurement tools developed looked at people from single excluded groups in isolation. We know from experience and ...

    Authors: Patrick O’Donnell, Ailish Hannigan, Nuha Ibrahim, Diarmuid O’Donovan and Khalifa Elmusharaf
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:35
  37. Health registers play an important role in monitoring distribution of disease and quality of care; however, benefit is limited if ascertainment (i.e., the process of finding and recruiting people on to a regis...

    Authors: Karen Wright, Rachel M. Tapera, N. Susan Stott, Alexandra Sorhage, Anna Mackey and Sîan A. Williams
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:34
  38. Finland has universal coverage for prescription medications under the National Health Insurance. Eligibility schemes target higher reimbursements to individuals with chronic illness. Nevertheless, co-payments ...

    Authors: Katri Aaltonen, Mikko Niemelä and Irene Prix
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:33
  39. To determine if improvements in social determinants of health for trans women and decreases in transphobic discrimination and violence occurred over three study periods during which extensive local programs we...

    Authors: Sean Arayasirikul, Caitlin Turner, Dillon Trujillo, Sofia L. Sicro, Susan Scheer, Willi McFarland and Erin C. Wilson
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:32
  40. Though extensive studies have been conducted on assessing the predictors of cognitive functioning among older adults in small community-based samples, very few studies have focused on understanding the impact ...

    Authors: Ebenezer Larnyo, Baozhen Dai, Jonathan Aseye Nutakor, Sabina Ampon-Wireko, Abigail Larnyo and Ruth Appiah
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:31
  41. Fragmentation in China’s social health insurance schemes and income gap have been recognised as important factors for the inequitable use of healthcare. This study assessed trends in disparities in healthcare ...

    Authors: Xiaoling Yan, Yuanli Liu, Min Cai, Qinqin Liu, Xueqin Xie and Keqin Rao
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:30
  42. During the first decade of the current century, Latin American countries have shown high and consistent economic growth rates, increasing per capita GDP and reducing poverty. Social indicators improved in even...

    Authors: Daniel Maceira, Luisa Brumana and Joaquín González Aleman
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:29
  43. Spain has been hit hard by COVID-19 since March 2020, especially in its metropolitan areas. We share experiences from Barcelona in measuring socioeconomic inequalities in the incidence of COVID-19 in the diffe...

    Authors: Davide Malmusi, M. Isabel Pasarín, Marc Marí-Dell’Olmo, Lucía Artazcoz, Elia Diez, Sara Tolosa, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Glòria Pérez, Conchita Peña-Gallardo and Carme Borrell
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:28
  44. Despite rising incomes and rapid economic growth, there remains a significant gender gap in health outcomes among rural children in China. This study examines whether the gender gap in child health is related ...

    Authors: Huan Wang, Claire Cousineau, Yingjie Fan, Sarah-Eve Dill, Matthew Boswell, Scott Rozelle and Xiaochen Ma
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2022 21:26

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