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  1. Content type: Research

    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men have the highest morbidity and mortality rates, and lowest rates of health service utilization in Australia. There is a current perception that Aboriginal and Torres S...

    Authors: Kootsy Canuto, Gary Wittert, Stephen Harfield and Alex Brown

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:185

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  2. Content type: Research

    Cervical cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers, but it may be prevented by early detection. Social inequalities in the use of cytology testing have been identified in the literature. However, the degree ...

    Authors: María Merino-Ventosa and Rosa M. Urbanos-Garrido

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:184

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  3. Content type: Research

    Despite significant investments to support primary care internationally, income-based inequities in access to quality health care are present in many high-income countries. This study aims to determine whether...

    Authors: Simone Dahrouge, William Hogg, Elizabeth Muggah and Ted Schrecker

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:182

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  4. Content type: Research

    As the proportion of elderly residents living in large-scale affordable housing communities (LAHCs) increases in China, serious problems have become apparent related to the spatial allocation of elderly health...

    Authors: Tiantian Gu, Lingzhi Li and Dezhi Li

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:183

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  5. Content type: Research

    Despite various policy interventions that have targeted reductions in socio-economic inequalities in health and health care in post-Apartheid South Africa, evidence suggests that not much has really changed. I...

    Authors: Kehinde O. Omotoso and Steven F. Koch

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:181

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  6. Content type: Systematic review

    In Europe and elsewhere there is rising concern about inequality in health and increased prevalence of mental ill-health. Structural determinants such as welfare state arrangements may impact on levels of ment...

    Authors: A. McAllister, S. Fritzell, M. Almroth, L. Harber-Aschan, S. Larsson and B. Burström

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:180

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  7. Content type: Research

    Small private providers in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are well positioned to fill gaps in services to low-income populations using Social Health Insurance (SHI) schemes. However, we know little a...

    Authors: Lauren Suchman

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:179

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  8. Content type: Research

    People-centred health care (PCC) services are identified by the WHO as important building blocks towards universal health coverage. In 2016 the WHO formulated a comprehensive framework on integrated PCC servic...

    Authors: Christine Cécile Leyns, Jan De Maeseneer and Sara Willems

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:177

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  9. Content type: Research

    Access to primary healthcare is an important social determinant of health and having a regular general practitioner (GP) has been shown to improve access. In Canada, socio-economically disadvantaged patients a...

    Authors: Mélanie Ann Smithman, Astrid Brousselle, Nassera Touati, Antoine Boivin, Kareen Nour, Carl-Ardy Dubois, Christine Loignon, Djamal Berbiche and Mylaine Breton

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:176

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  10. Content type: Research

    The allocation of health resources in primary health care institutions (PHCI) is crucial to health reform. China has recently implemented many reform measures emphasizing the provision of primary health care s...

    Authors: Shuping Wang, Jin Xu, Xiaofeng Jiang, Chaofan Li, Hongmin Li, Suhang Song, Erdan Huang and Qingyue Meng

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:178

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  11. Content type: Research

    India has recently renewed emphasis on non-allopathic systems of medicine as a means to address the health needs of its populace. Earlier in 2002, its national health policy had sought to ‘revitalize’ communit...

    Authors: Arima Mishra and Devaki Nambiar

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:175

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  12. Content type: Research

    China has recently made efforts to integrate urban and rural basic medical insurance systems in order to ensure both urban and rural enrollees obtain unified benefits. However, whether the distribution of gove...

    Authors: Xue Yang, Mingsheng Chen, Jinglin Du and Zhonghua Wang

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:173

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  13. Content type: Research

    The Affordable Care Act Medicaid expansion improved access to health insurance among low-income populations. We sought to examine the spillover benefits of the ACA Medicaid expansion on ability to afford rent/...

    Authors: Shiho Kino, Koryu Sato and Ichiro Kawachi

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:174

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  14. Content type: Research

    Medical termination of pregnancy (MToP) is a safe and acceptable abortion option. Depending on country context, MToP can be administered by general practitioners and mid-level healthcare providers in the first...

    Authors: Alana Hulme-Chambers, Samantha Clune and Jane Tomnay

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:172

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  15. Content type: Research

    Rotating savings and credit associations (ROSCAs) are highly active in many sub-Saharan African countries, serving as an important gateway for coping with financial risk. In light of the Kenya’s National Hospi...

    Authors: Tessa Oraro and Kaspar Wyss

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:170

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  16. Content type: Research

    Equity, financial sustainability, and quality in healthcare are key goals embraced by universal health systems. However, systematic performance management strategies for achieving equity are still weaker than ...

    Authors: Gianluca Cafagna, Chiara Seghieri, Milena Vainieri and Sabina Nuti

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:169

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  17. Content type: Research

    Socio-economic inequity leads to health inequity. Inequity is closely intertwined with internal migration. This study was planned with the objective of documenting the maternal health care utilization among wo...

    Authors: Archana Siddaiah, Shashi Kant, Partha Haldar, Sanjay K. Rai and Puneet Misra

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:171

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  18. Content type: Research

    The importance of culture for food consumption is widely acknowledged, as well as the fact that culture-based resources (“cultural capital”) differ between educational groups. Since current explanations for ed...

    Authors: Carlijn B. M. Kamphuis, Joost Oude Groeniger and Frank J. van Lenthe

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:168

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  19. Content type: Research

    Demand side barriers to vaccination among rural and hard-to-reach populations in Chad are not yet well understood. Although innovative approaches such as linking human and animal vaccination increase vaccinati...

    Authors: Mahamat Fayiz Abakar, Djimet Seli, Filippo Lechthaler, Esther Schelling, Nhan Tran, Jakob Zinsstag and Daniel Cobos Muñoz

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:167

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  20. Content type: Research

    The objective of our study was to investigate the relationship between catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in general population.

    Authors: Seung Hyun Kang, Yeong Jun Ju, Hyo Jung Yoon, Sang Ah Lee, Woorim Kim and Eun-Cheol Park

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:166

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  21. Content type: Research

    This study identifies inequities in the provincial-level geographical distribution of traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) hospital beds and doctors in China from 2004 to 2014. This provides policy implications ...

    Authors: Liming Lu and Jingchun Zeng

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:165

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  22. Content type: Research

    Self-rated health represents a reliable and important health measure related to general health and quality of life. This study aimed to identify the differences of health states of rural residents in a lower m...

    Authors: Lidan Wang, Weizhen Dong, Yunqing Ou, Shuting Chen, Jingjing Chen and Qicheng Jiang

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:162

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  23. Content type: Research

    We analyze the effects of the Mexican universal health insurance program, Seguro Popular, on key variables associated with the provision of healthcare services. Given that the program was introduced gradually ...

    Authors: Curtis Huffman and Edwin van Gameren

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:163

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  24. Content type: Research

    Quality metrics, pay for performance (P4P), and value-based payments are prominent aspects of the current and future American healthcare system. However, linking clinic payment to clinic quality measures may f...

    Authors: Kathleen A. Culhane-Pera, Luis Martin Ortega, Mai See Thao, Shannon L. Pergament, Andrew M. Pattock, Lynne S. Ogawa, Michael Scandrett and David J. Satin

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:161

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  25. Content type: Systematic review

    Despite the growing number of people with migrant background in Germany, a systematic review about their utilization of health care and differences to the non-migrant population is lacking. By covering various...

    Authors: Jens Klein and Olaf von dem Knesebeck

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:160

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  26. Content type: Research

    People with intellectual disabilities (ID) may not be able to access and respond to uniformly delivered health interventions. Public bodies have a legal duty to make ‘reasonable adjustments’ to policies and pr...

    Authors: Liz Croot, Melanie Rimmer, Sarah Salway, Chris Hatton, Emma Dowse, Jacquie Lavin, Sarah E. Bennett, Janet Harris and Alicia O’Cathain

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:159

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  27. Content type: Research

    Essential medicines are those drugs that satisfy the priority health care needs of the population and help with functioning healthcare systems. Although many countries have formulated an essential medicine lis...

    Authors: Xiaodong Guan, Huajie Hu, Chunxia Man and Luwen Shi

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:158

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  28. Content type: Research

    Distribution equity assessment of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners is an important dimension of access to health technology. However, limited studies on the subject have b...

    Authors: Luyang He, Hao Yu, Lizheng Shi, Yao He, Jingsong Geng, Yan Wei, Hui Sun and Yingyao Chen

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:157

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  29. Content type: Research

    Regulation of private health care providers (PHPs) in middle-income countries can be challenging. Mandatory safety and quality standards for PHPs have been in place in the Republic of Srpska since 2012, but no...

    Authors: Severin Rakic, Budimka Novakovic, Sinisa Stevic and Jelena Niskanovic

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:92

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  30. Content type: Research

    Governments increasingly recognize the need to engage non-state providers (NSPs) in health systems in order to move successfully towards Universal Health Coverage (UHC). One common approach to engaging NSPs is...

    Authors: Stephen Maluka, Dereck Chitama, Esther Dungumaro, Crecensia Masawe, Krishna Rao and Zubin Shroff

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:118

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  31. Content type: Research

    In 2002 Afghanistan’s Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) and its development partners initiated a new paradigm for the health sector by electing to Contract-Out (CO) the Basic Package of Health Services (BPHS) t...

    Authors: Ahmad Shah Salehi, Abdul Tawab Kawa Saljuqi, Nadia Akseer, Krishna Rao and Kathryn Coe

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:128

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  32. Content type: Research

    Faith-based non-profit (FBNP) providers have had a long-standing role as non-state, non-profit providers in the Ghanaian health system. They have historically been considered to be important in addressing the ...

    Authors: Annabel Grieve and Jill Olivier

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:97

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  33. Content type: Research

    Contracting-out (CO) to non-state providers is used widely to increase access to health care, but it entails many implementation challenges. Using Bangladesh’s two decades of experience with contracting out Ur...

    Authors: Rubana Islam, Shahed Hossain, Farzana Bashar, Shaan Muberra Khan, Adel A. S. Sikder, Sifat Shahana Yusuf and Alayne M. Adams

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:93

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  34. Content type: Research

    Formal engagement with non-state providers (NSP) is an important strategy in many low-and-middle-income countries for extending coverage of publicly financed health services. The series of country studies revi...

    Authors: Krishna D. Rao, Ligia Paina, Marie-Gloriose Ingabire and Zubin C. Shroff

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:127

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  35. Content type: Research

    A case study was prepared examining government resource contributions (GRCs) to private-not-for-profit (PNFP) providers in Uganda. It focuses on Primary Health Care (PHC) grants to the largest non-profit provi...

    Authors: Aloysius Ssennyonjo, Justine Namakula, Ronald Kasyaba, Sam Orach, Sara Bennett and Freddie Ssengooba

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:130

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  36. Content type: Research

    The general practitioner contracting initiative (GPCI) is a health systems strengthening initiative piloted in the first phase of national health insurance (NHI) implementation in South Africa as it progresses...

    Authors: Linda Mureithi, James Michael Burnett, Adam Bertscher and René English

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:107

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  37. Content type: Editorial

    This editorial provides an overview of the special issue “Moving towards UHC: engaging non-state providers”. It begins by describing the rationale underlying the Alliance’s choice of a research program address...

    Authors: Zubin Cyrus Shroff, Krishna Dipankar Rao, Sara Bennett, Ligia Paina, Marie-Gloriose Ingabire and Abdul Ghaffar

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:135

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  38. Content type: Research

    Indigenous peoples globally experience a disproportionate burden of mental illness due to forced policies and practices of colonization and cultural disruption. The objective of this study was to provide a bas...

    Authors: Josée G. Lavoie, Amanda Ward, Sabrina T. Wong, Naser Ibrahim, Darrien Morton, John D. O’Neil and Michael Green

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:156

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  39. Content type: Research

    The health care sector has a significant role to play in fostering equity in the context of widening global social and health inequities. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the process and impacts of i...

    Authors: Annette J. Browne, Colleen Varcoe, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, C. Nadine Wathen, Victoria Smye, Beth E. Jackson, Bruce Wallace, Bernadette (Bernie) Pauly, Carol P. Herbert, Josée G. Lavoie, Sabrina T. Wong and Amelie Blanchet Garneau

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:154

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  40. Content type: Research

    There is an established body of evidence linking systems of social protection to health systems and health outcomes. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) provide further emphasis on this linkage as necessa...

    Authors: Mary Qiu, Nasreen Jessani and Sara Bennett

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:155

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  41. Content type: Systematic review

    Indigenous Australians carry a greater burden of cardiovascular disease than other Australians. A variety of programs has been implemented with the broad aim of improving Indigenous cardiovascular health, howe...

    Authors: Vainess Mbuzi, Paul Fulbrook and Melanie Jessup

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:153

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  42. Content type: Research

    User fees and poor quality of care contribute to low use of healthcare services in Burkina Faso. The government implemented an innovative intervention that combines equity measures with performance-based finan...

    Authors: Anne-Marie Turcotte-Tremblay, Manuela De Allegri, Idriss Ali Gali-Gali and Valéry Ridde

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:109

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  43. Content type: Research

    Multiple structural, contextual and individual factors determine social disadvantage and affect health experience. There is limited understanding, however, of how this complex system works to shape access to h...

    Authors: Anuj Kapilashrami and Sara Marsden

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:83

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  44. Content type: Research

    Current evidence highlights that language discordant clinical encounters seriously compromise patient quality of care and health outcomes. We aimed to characterise patterns of interpreter service use in medica...

    Authors: Jennifer White, Trish Plompen, Christian Osadnik, Leanne Tao, Emily Micallef and Terry Haines

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:151

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  45. Content type: Research

    Over the past 15 years, several efforts have been made by the Government of India to improve maternal health, primarily through providing cash incentives to increase institutional child birth and strengthen se...

    Authors: Sana Q. Contractor, Abhijit Das, Jashodhara Dasgupta and Sara Van Belle

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:134

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  46. Content type: Research

    This paper aims to provide insights into the role of traditional authorities in two maternal health programmes in Northern Malawi. Among strategies to improve maternal health, these authorities issue by-laws: ...

    Authors: Elsbet Lodenstein, Kyra Pedersen, Kondwani Botha, Jacqueline E. W. Broerse and Marjolein Dieleman

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:131

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  47. Content type: Commentary

    Qualitative approaches are one of several methodologies utilised within the social sciences. New developments within qualitative methods are widening the opportunities for using qualitative evidence to inform ...

    Authors: Simon Lewin and Claire Glenton

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:126

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  48. Content type: Editorial

    This Special Issue represents a critical response to the frequent silencing of qualitative social science research approaches in mainstream public health journals, particularly in those that inform the field o...

    Authors: Stephanie M. Topp, Kerry Scott, Ana Lorena Ruano and Karen Daniels

    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2018 17:145

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