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  1. Smokefree environments legislation is increasingly being implemented around the world. Evaluations largely find that the legislation is popular, compliance is high and report improved air quality and reduced e...

    Authors: Richard Edwards, Heather Gifford, Andrew Waa, Marewa Glover, George Thomson and Nick Wilson
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:12
  2. Access to affordable health care is limited in many low and middle income countries and health systems are often inequitable, providing less health services to the poor who need it most. The aim of this study ...

    Authors: Charlotte Kristiansson, Eduardo Gotuzzo, Hugo Rodriguez, Alessandro Bartoloni, Marianne Strohmeyer, Göran Tomson and Per Hartvig
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:11
  3. Tobacco use is a leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality. In the developed nations where the burden from infectious diseases is lower, the burden of disease from tobacco use is especially magnifie...

    Authors: Emmanuel Rudatsikira, Adamson S Muula and Seter Siziya
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:10
  4. In contrast to the considerable evidence of inequitable distribution of health, little is known about how health services (particularly primary care services) are distributed in less developed countries. Using a ...

    Authors: Krit Pongpirul, Barbara Starfield, Supattra Srivanichakorn and Supasit Pannarunothai
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:8
  5. Child injury is an emerging public health issue in both developed and developing countries. It is the main cause of deaths and disabilities of children after infancy. The aim of this study was to investigate t...

    Authors: Sheikh M Giashuddin, Aminur Rahman, Fazlur Rahman, Saidur Rahman Mashreky, Salim Mahmud Chowdhury, Michael Linnan and Shumona Shafinaz
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:7
  6. Diabetes and its associated complications are part of a chronic disease global epidemic that presents a public health challenge. Epidemiologists examining health differences between men and women are being cha...

    Authors: Janet F Grant, Neville Hicks, Anne W Taylor, Catherine R Chittleborough and Patrick J Phillips
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:6
  7. Since the late 1980s, the policy of the Japanese government regarding physician manpower has been to decrease the number of medical students. However, the shortage of doctors in Japan has become a social probl...

    Authors: Shin-ichi Toyabe
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:5
  8. In this paper we seek to tease out differences in socioeconomic position between ethnic groups. There are 3 main reasons why conventional socioeconomic indicators and asset based measures may not be equally ap...

    Authors: Margaret Kelaher, Sheila Paul, Helen Lambert, Waqar Ahmad and George Davey Smith
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:4
  9. A growing body of literature has demonstrated that higher social capital is associated with improved health conditions. However, some research indicated that the association between social capital and health w...

    Authors: Xiaojie Sun, Clas Rehnberg and Qingyue Meng
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:2
  10. Child vaccination is one of the public health interventions that are responsible for the relatively low child morbidity and mortality in developed nations compared to the developing world. We carried out this ...

    Authors: Adamson S Muula, Martine Y Polycarpe, Jayakaran Job, Seter Siziya and Emmanuel Rudatsikira
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2009 8:1
  11. 'Caring for Country' is defined as Indigenous participation in interrelated activities with the objective of promoting ecological and human health. Ecological services on Indigenous-owned lands are belatedly a...

    Authors: Christopher P Burgess, Helen L Berry, Wendy Gunthorpe and Ross S Bailie
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:26
  12. The former soviet Republic of Armenia entered a turbulent and long-lasting economic transition when it declared its independence in 1991. This analysis sought to identify the determinants of poor self-rated he...

    Authors: Anahit Demirchyan and Michael E Thompson
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:25
  13. While Arab countries showed an impressive decline in child mortality rates during the past few decades, gaps in mortality by gender and socioeconomic status persisted. However, large socioeconomic disparities ...

    Authors: Marwan Khawaja, Jesse Dawns, Sonya Meyerson-Knox and Rouham Yamout
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:24
  14. As China re-establishes its health insurance system through various cooperative schemes, little is known about schoolchildren's health insurance. This paper reports findings from a study that examined schoolch...

    Authors: Jane M Zhu, Yiliang Zhu and Rui Liu
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:23
  15. Trafficking in women and children is a gross violation of human rights. However, this does not prevent an estimated 800 000 women and children to be trafficked each year across international borders. Eighty pe...

    Authors: Christine Joffres, Edward Mills, Michel Joffres, Tinku Khanna, Harleen Walia and Darrin Grund
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:22
  16. In many diseases men and women, for no apparent medical reason, are not offered the same investigations and treatment in health care. This may be due to staff's stereotypical preconceptions about men and women...

    Authors: Jenny Andersson, Pär Salander, Marie Brandstetter-Hiltunen, Emma Knutsson and Katarina Hamberg
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:21
  17. Earlier studies have mainly reported the use of antithrombotic drugs, beta-blockers and statins among hospital patient populations or MI patients. This study aimed to describe the use of these drugs among midd...

    Authors: Kristiina Manderbacka, Ilmo Keskimäki, Antti Reunanen and Timo Klaukka
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:16
  18. Equitable financing is a key objective of health care systems. Its importance is evidenced in policy documents, policy statements, the work of health economists and policy analysts. The conventional categorisa...

    Authors: Chai Ping Yu, David K Whynes and Tracey H Sach
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:15
  19. Large inequalities of mortality by most cancers in general, by mouth and pharynx cancer in particular, have been associated to behaviour and geopolitical factors. The assessment of socioeconomic covariates of ...

    Authors: José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes, Carme Borrell, Glòria Pérez, Antonio Fernando Boing and Victor Wünsch-Filho
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:14
  20. Social networks and social support are supposed to contribute to the development of unequal health within populations. However, little is known about their socio-economic distribution. In this study, we explor...

    Authors: Simone Weyers, Nico Dragano, Susanne Möbus, Eva-Maria Beck, Andreas Stang, Stephan Möhlenkamp, Karl Heinz Jöckel, Raimund Erbel and Johannes Siegrist
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:13
  21. As pharmaceutical expenditure continues to rise, third-party payers in most high-income countries have increasingly shifted the burden of payment for prescription drugs to patients. A large body of literature ...

    Authors: Marin C Gemmill, Sarah Thomson and Elias Mossialos
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:12
  22. User fees were introduced in public health facilities in Cambodia in 1997 in order to inject funds into the health system to enhance the quality of services. Because of inadequate health insurance, a social sa...

    Authors: Sokrin Khun and Lenore Manderson
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:10
  23. This paper highlights the socio-economic impacts of HIV/AIDS on women. It argues that the socio-cultural beliefs that value the male and female lives differently lead to differential access to health care serv...

    Authors: Pamella A Opiyo, Takashi Yamano and TS Jayne
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:8
  24. While the importance of promoting equity to achieve health is now recognised, the health gap continues to increase globally between and within countries. The description that follows looks at how the Cape Town...

    Authors: Vera Scott, Ruth Stern, David Sanders, Gavin Reagon and Verona Mathews
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:6
  25. Perceived racial discrimination is one factor which may discourage ethnic minorities from using healthcare. However, existing research only partially explains why some persons do accept health promotion messag...

    Authors: Ann Carroll Klassen, Katherine C Smith, Salma Shariff-Marco and Hee-Soon Juon
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:5
  26. Use of psychotropic drugs is widespread in Europe, and is markedly more common in France than elsewhere. Young adults often fare less well than adolescents on health indicators (injury, homicide, and substance...

    Authors: Nearkasen Chau, Michèle Baumann, Bruno Falissard and Marie Choquet
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:3
  27. This study examines associations between female participation in a microcredit program in India, known as self help groups (SHGs), and women's health in the south Indian state of Kerala. Because SHGs do not ha...

    Authors: KS Mohindra, Slim Haddad and D Narayana
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:2
  28. Health insurance coverage for all citizens is often considered a requisite for reducing disparities in health care accessibility. In Germany, health insurees are covered either by statutory health insurance (S...

    Authors: Markus Lungen, Bjoern Stollenwerk, Philipp Messner, Karl W Lauterbach and Andreas Gerber
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2008 7:1
  29. Until 2005, the Malawi National Tuberculosis Control Programme had been implemented as a vertical programme. Working within the Sector Wide Approach (SWAp) provides a new environment and new opportunities for ...

    Authors: Bertha Nhlema Simwaka, George Bello, Hastings Banda, Rhehab Chimzizi, Bertel SB Squire and Sally J Theobald
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:24
  30. In recent years, interest in the study of inequalities in health has not stopped at quantifying their magnitude; explaining the sources of inequalities has also become of great importance. This paper measures ...

    Authors: Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Lynette LY Lim, Gordon A Carmichael, Alexandra Sidorenko and Adrian C Sleigh
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:23
  31. In Africa, national governments and international organizations are focusing on rapidly "scaling up" malaria control interventions to at least 60 percent of vulnerable populations. The potential health and eco...

    Authors: Don P Mathanga and Cameron Bowie
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:22
  32. Malnutrition is a major public health and development concern in the developing world and in poor communities within these regions. Understanding the nature and determinants of socioeconomic inequality in maln...

    Authors: Ellen Van de Poel, Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor, Caroline Jehu-Appiah, Jeanette Vega and Niko Speybroeck
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:21
  33. Based on previously reported differences in fracture incidence in the socioeconomic less affluent Oslo East compared to the more privileged West, our aim was to study bone mineral density (BMD) in the same soc...

    Authors: Kari Alver, Anne J Søgaard, Jan A Falch and Haakon E Meyer
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:19
  34. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians experience widespread socioeconomic disadvantage and health inequality. In an attempt to make Indigenous health research more culturally-appropriate, Aborigina...

    Authors: Emma Kowal, Wendy Gunthorpe and Ross S Bailie
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:18
  35. There has been a growing interest in the role of the private for-profit sector in health service provision in low- and middle-income countries. The private sector represents an important source of care for all...

    Authors: Edith Patouillard, Catherine A Goodman, Kara G Hanson and Anne J Mills
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:17
  36. Notions of equity are fundamental to, and drive much of the current thinking about global health. Health inequity, however, is usually measured using health inequality as a proxy – implicitly conflating equity...

    Authors: Daniel D Reidpath and Pascale Allotey
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:16
  37. As reducing socio-economic inequalities in health is an important public health objective, monitoring of these inequalities is an important public health task. The specific inequality measure used can influenc...

    Authors: Tanja AJ Houweling, Anton E Kunst, Martijn Huisman and Johan P Mackenbach
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:15
  38. In many developing countries, out-of-pocket payment remains a primary mechanism by which patients infected with HIV access treatment. In India, this has been changing as the National AIDS Control Organization ...

    Authors: Duncan Smith-Rohrberg Maru, Deepika C Khakha, Mohammad Tahir, Sanjay Basu and Surendra K Sharma
    Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health 2007 6:14

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