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Table 1 Sociodemographic and household characteristics of study participants

From: Effect of the free healthcare policy on socioeconomic inequalities in care seeking for fever in children under five years in Burkina Faso: a population-based surveys analysis

Characteristics of the population 2010 2014 2017–2018  
  n (%) n (%) n (%) p-value*
Age of mother (years)     0.56
 15–24 863 (29.5) 749 (28.1) 338 (27.1)  
 25–34 1388 (46.5) 1253 (48.7) 598 (48.6)  
 ≥ 35 707 (24.0) 615 (23.2) 284 (24.3)  
Total number of children born     0.047
 1–2 960 (32.4) 737 (28.5) 403 (32.9)  
 3–4 883 (29.6) 801 (31.1) 379 (31.1)  
 ≥ 5 1115 (38.0) 1079 (40.4) 438 (36.0)  
Mother’s education level     0.005
 None 2388(81.3) 2140(79.3) 925(75.5)  
 Primary 383 (12.4) 328(14.0) 163(13.6)  
 Secondary or higher 186 (6.3) 149 (6.7) 132(10.9)  
Gender of the household head     0.21
 Male 2759 (93.2) 2468 (94.4) 1158 (95.2)  
 Female 199 (6.8) 149 (5.6) 62 (4.8)  
Wealth index     0.064
 Poorest 482 (16.6) 641(23.2) 278 (24.1)  
 Poor 574 (20.0) 602 (21.7) 266 (20.2)  
 Middle 700 (23.3) 591 (23.3) 239 (19.2)  
 Richer 683 (22.9) 533 (19.1) 245 (19.1)  
 Richest 519 (17.3) 250 (14.6) 192 (16.8)  
Region     0.011
 Boucle de Mouhoun 243 (11.1) 217(10.5) 80 (8.8)  
 Cascades 179 (3.8) 194 (3.2) 134 (5.5)  
 Centre 165 (8.3) 100 (7.4) 57 (6.1)  
 Centre-est 235 (7.9) 220 (8.1) 148 (13.5)  
 Centre-nord 170 (6.5) 212 (8.3) 119 (10.1)  
 Centre-ouest 275 (8.8) 171 (6.6) 44 (5.2)  
 Centre-sud 317 (8.3) 133 (3.0) 45 (2.1)  
 Est 159 (5.9) 232 (8.7) 117 (9.8)  
 Hauts bassins 294 (14.0) 167 (12.2) 114 (12.9)  
 Nord 244 (7.7) 228 (9.3) 121 (9.7)  
 Plateau central 237 (5.5) 253 (5.7) 82 (4.2)  
 Sahel 143 (5.6) 318 (13.5) 57 (7.6)  
 Sud-ouest 297 (6.5) 172 (3.6) 102 (4.4)  
Place of residence     0.44
 Urban 689 (19.0) 375 (20.2) 178 (15.3)  
 Rural 2269 (81.0) 2242 (79.78) 1042 (84.7)  
Religion     0.055
 Muslim 1770 (62.7) 1747 (69.4) 783 (66.7)  
 Christian 1158 (37.3) 868 (30.6) 433 (33.3)  
Gender of the child     0.85
 Male 1533 (52.0) 1338 (51.4) 626 (51.0)  
 Female 1425 (48.0) 1279 (48.6) 594 (49.)  
Age (months)     < 0.001
 < 12 307 (20.4) 460 (17.0) 275 (22.0)  
 12–35 816 (52.8) 1271 (49.1) 541 (44.8)  
 36–59 405 (26.8) 869 (33.9) 404 (33.2)  
  1. Chi-square test for independent proportions