Skip to main content

Table 2 WASH access indicators per social and goegraphic stratifiers in 21 refugee camps in 2019

From: Social and geographic inequalities in water, sanitation and hygiene access in 21 refugee camps and settlements in Bangladesh, Kenya, Uganda, South Sudan, and Zimbabwe

Social/geographic stratifier Water Sanitation Hygiene Female WASH index°
Improved water source (%) ≥15 L/p/d of improved/protected water (%) ≥20 L/p/d of improved/protected water (%) Open defecation (%) Unimproved sanitation (%) Improved sanitation (%) Limited saniatation (%) Basic sanitation (%) Sanitation privacy (%) Soap presented within 1 min (%)a Basic hand hygiene facility(%)b Toilet paper/water in sanitation facility (%)c Bathing facility (%)a Menstrual health materials in the last period (%)a,c Solid waste disposal facility (%)a
Total 95.1 50.6 36.9 4.6 23.2 72.2 42.7 29.5 62.6 80.0 23.5 62.6 68.6 76.1 64.1 0.50
Refugee camp
 Bangladesh 99.5 40.4 28.2 0.6 0.0 99.3 97.3 2.0 91.3 98.0 34.6 78.7 96.7 54.2 51.1 0.70
 Camp 17 99.2 18.7 11.4 2.5 0.0 97.5 96.7 0.8 90.2 100 14.6 69.2 95.9 61.7 45.5 0.65
 Camp 1E 100 43.6 26.4 0.7 0.0 99.3 97.9 1.4 97.9 97.7 15.0 65.6 97.1 56.8 60.7 0.66
 Camp 1 W 100 33.8 21.5 0.8 0.0 99.2 99.2 0.0 94.6 96.9 17.7 86.9 95.4 70.1 50.0 0.63
 Camp 21 100 42.5 27.5 0.0 0.0 100 98.3 1.7 93.3 96.6 25.8 71.4 95.8 44.9 10.8 0.68
 Camp 26 100 86.4 76.3 0.0 0.0 100 91.5 8.5 78.8 99.1 37.3 96.6 92.4 17.2 46.6 0.82
 Camp 27 97.4 15.8 7.9 2.7 0.0 97.3 92.0 5.4 86.0 98.0 4.4 63.8 96.5 45.7 48.2 0.61
 Camp 2E 100 53.7 37.2 0.8 0.0 99.2 99.2 0.0 96.7 98.3 62.0 59.8 99.2 46.2 53.7 0.84
 Camp 2 W 100 62.7 50.8 0.0 0.0 100 99.2 0.8 96.6 100 70.3 73.6 99.2 39.1 44.9 0.84
 Camp 3 99.2 10.1 0.8 0.0 0.0 100 99.2 0.8 92.4 97.5 4.2 89.8 98.3 83.7 48.7 0.57
 Camp 4 99.1 17.1 11.1 0.0 0.0 100 98.3 1.7 85.5 97.4 12.0 84.8 99.1 82.8 40.2 0.60
 Camp 4 Ext 99.0 15.7 9.8 0.0 0.0 100 100 0.0 99.0 98.0 60.8 67.4 98.0 80.2 96.1 0.68
 Camp 5 100 16.9 5.9 1.7 0.0 98.3 97.5 0.8 86.4 98.2 44.1 58.6 94.1 64.6 31.4 0.68
 Kutupalong 98.4 34.9 19.0 0.0 0.8 99.2 99.2 0.0 97.6 95.9 86.5 83.1 96.8 57.1 81.0 0.56
Nayapara 99.1 70.1 50.4 0.9 0.0 99.1 96.6 2.6 93.2 98.3 84.6 98.3 99.1 34.8 87.2 0.89
 Kenya 99.7 46.8 37.2 3.7 18.0 78.3 5.6 72.7 69.2 82.5 27.2 49.3 21.8 98.1 76.9 0.37
 Kakuma 99.9 46.0 36.1 1.9 20.9 77.3 4.2 73.1 71.5 84.2 25.6 55.4 20.4 98.1 80.2 0.36
 Kalobeyei 99.1 50.2 42.0 11.7 5.4 82.9 11.8 71.0 59.5 75.2 33.8 25.5 27.7 97.9 62.9 0.41
 South Sudan 100 68.1 47.9 1.1 14.0 85.0 10.6 74.4 56.9 70.5 17.7 NA 59.6 44.7 59.5 0.58
 Ajoung Thok 100 75.5 55.6 0.8 10.7 88.4 7.4 81.0 60.9 85.4 25.6 NA 64.4 49.6 67.1 0.61
 Pamir 100 59.5 39.1 1.4 17.7 80.9 14.2 66.7 52.2 53.3 8.7 NA 54.1 38.9 50.6 0.54
 Uganda 88.3 64.5 46.7 10.3 53.6 36.1 13.0 23.1 8.1 63.3 11.9 49.4 68.9 96.8 71.2 0.36
 Kyangwali 66.5 NA NA 8.3 16.9 74.8 12.5 62.2 NA 75.4 9.1 NA 55.6 97.9 48.2 0.33
 Palabek 100 64.5 46.7 11.3 72.4 16.3 13.3 3.0 8.1 56.9 13.4 49.4 76.0 96.2 83.5 0.37
 Zimbabwe 57.3 53.1 43.3 6.1 16.3 77.6 24.6 53.0 NA 52.8 2.5 57.1 38.7 97.8 74.3 0.23
 Tongogara 57.3 53.1 43.3 6.1 16.3 77.6 24.6 53.0 NA 52.8 2.5 57.1 38.7 97.8 74.3 0.23
Social/geographic stratifier Improved water source (%)a ≥15 L/p/d of improved/protected water (%) ≥20 L/p/d of improved/protected water (%) Open defecation (%) Unimproved sanitation (%) Improved sanitation (%)a Limited saniatation (%) Basic sanitation (%) Sanitation privacy (%) Soap presented within 1 min (%)a Basic hand hygiene facility (%)b Toilet paper/water in sanitation facility (%)bb Bathing facility (%)a Menstrual health materials in the last period (%)a,c Solid waste disposal facility (%)a Female WASH indexa
At least one woman at repr. Age
 No 93.3 61.8 49.4 5.2 25.6 69.2 33.1 36.1 55.3 71.5 13.4 NA 56.8 NA 66.0 NA
 Yes 95.4 48.8 34.9 4.5 22.7 72.8 44.3 28.5 63.8 81.4 25.2 63.7 70.5 76.0 63.8 0.56
Household size
 1 to 3 members 94.1 66.7 58.6 3.7 22.5 73.8 50.2 23.5 60.9 78.0 18.4 61.5 71.4 72.3 60.7 0.41
 4 to 6 members 95.2 50.2 35.5 5.0 22.3 72.6 46.4 26.2 64.1 80.6 25.7 64.2 69.1 75.8 63.7 0.53
 7 or more members 96.0 40.6 24.7 4.7 24.9 70.4 33.1 37.3 61.7 80.7 24.1 64.2 65.9 77.8 67.2 0.52
Member/s with disability or who are elderly
 No 99.0 48.7 36.1 4.5 20.7 74.7 48.2 26.6 64.9 81.3 25.6 64.9 68.9 72.6 64.9 0.54
 Yes 99.1 56.4 39.3 3.0 34.1 62.9 41.7 21.1 55.7 78.6 25.1 59.9 74.7 76.6 70.7 0.47
  1. Source: Table created from the Standardized Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Surveys, UNHCR, 2019
  2. aFemale WASH index includes improved water source, basic hand hygiene facility, bathing facility, menstrual health materials, improved sanitation facility, and solid waste disposal only in households with at least one woman at reproductive age
  3. bBasic hand hygiene is having available a handwashing facility with water and soap
  4. cToilet paper or water in the sanitation facility, and menstrual hygiene materials included just the households with at least one women of reproductive age