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Table 3 Distribution of financial health benefits of overall spending on curative services

From: How equitable is health spending on curative services and institutional delivery in Malawi? Evidence from a quasi-longitudinal benefit incidence analysis

Health care provider 2004 2010 2016 Diff 2010-2004 Diff 2016-2010 Diff 2016-2004
CI (SE) CI (SE) CI (SE) CI (SE) CI (SE) CI (SE)
All health facilities 0.084a***
(0.014)
0.114a***
(0.021)
0.068a***
(0.015)
0.03
(0.025)
-0.046*
(0.026)
-0.016
(0.021)
Public health facilities 0.047a***
(0.013)
0.082a***
(0.023)
0.007c
(0.011)
0.035
(0.027)
-0.075***
(0.026)
-0.040*
(0.018)
CHAM health facilities 0.209a***
(0.04)
0.241a**
(0.093)
0.196a***
(0.045)
0.032
(0.102)
-0.045
(0.103)
-0.013
(0.062)
Private health facilities+ 0.270a**
(0.125)
0.266a***
(0.083)
0.282a***
0.034
-0.004
(0.150)
0.016
(0.090)
0.012
(0.130)
  1. Note : CI concentration index, SE standard errors; dominance test: a = dominance, b= non-dominance, c= concentration curve and line of equality cross; +: for private health facilities, only the OOP expenditure was included
  2. *, **, *** statistically significant at the 10%, 5%, and 1% levels, respectively